1911 - Three Nations Gold Mine - Staked by the Three Nations Lake Mining Company
Explorations on the property followed by extensive development had all started during 1911, on what was known as the Three Nations Mine. Prior to this staking the whole entire property was also reported to have been situated on the North-East part of Whitney Township, that was adjoining the La Palmes Gold Property. During exploratory stages the Three Nations Lake Mining Company had uncovered a number of narrow quartz veins that showed visible gold. Much of this discovery had continued to be explored further when several pits, and trenches became made on these veins, With explorations taking place the company would uncover another larger size quartz vein, averaging 3 feet in width, and had strike of N.E -. S.W.
Development would take place on the much larger vein when a shaft was sunk to a depth of 100 feet. It was during development when the vein at 40 feet had dip 70 degrees south, which entirely had left the shaft. By March, 1911, the company was well off with this gold mining project when a level was cut on the mines 100 foot level to cut the main vein. At about 75 feet below the surface this company had also intersected several narrow quartz veins, that had a low dip to the south. Examinations on these veins had also indicated visible gold that was noted within the company's reports. Surface explorations had revealed that the vein had a strike length of 300 feet, in which part of this vein had confirmed the strike of the schist, and cuts across its further to the south-west. Other statements in relation to this vein had indicated that several iron pyrites, and zinc-blende were associated with the quartz.
A shaft was also sunk on the contact between the Serpentine, and conglomerate to the north side of this property. Much of the rock within this area had also been further examined which revealed it to be greatly silicified, and also impregnated with carbonate, and iron-pyrites. Sampling from this prospect shaft had also indicated gold results prior to assaying this material.
1911 - La Palme Mine - Staked by La Palme Porcupine Mining Company
Explorations conducted by Palme Porcupine Mining Company had revealed several quartz veins averaging from a fracture of an inch to 7 inches in width. Examinations of these showing had also revealed visible gold that place further exploratory phases on this property. The strike of these veins was also reported to have varied from that of the enclosing conglomerate, and greywacke, Much of the rocks within this area were also considered to have dip steeply to the N, in which the veins dip to the south at about 45 degrees. For the most part the forces that had produced these narrow veins must of generally act gently. This geological phase had rather formed the vein in this area which have been traced through quartzite bands, and end at much more slaty band, before continuing on in another quartzite band. More statements from the company had also stated that the fissures were more readily produce within the brittle quartzite than in the tough slate.
1912 - Three Nations Gold Property - Three Nations Lake Mining Company
The Three Nations Lake Mining Company had rather continued mining operations on Lot. 5 within the fifth concession of Whitney Township. By this time the company would continue further exploratory work. along with 100 feet of drifting, and crosscutting on the 100 foot level of the "Main Shaft". No additional explorations were conducted within the prospect shaft sunken between the Serpentine,, and Conglomerate.
1913 - Three Nations Gold Property - Three Nations Lake Mining Company
Shaft sinking at the Three Nations Gold Property had continued when it now reach a depth of 225 feet. Another level was also establish on the mines 200 foot section as it had been opened up by drifting and crosscutting. Total development footage within 1913, would amount to 800 feet of drifting, and 700 feet of crosscutting on both levels. Power at the time was taken from a plant that consisted of three 100 H.P and 35 H.P. boilers, a three drill compressor, and an 8 by 10 inch hoist. Even more constructing would take place when a 10 stamp mill was also build on this property. Employment during that time had consisted of 40 employes who became hired under J.N. Angrignon. . .
1914 - Three Nations Gold Property - Three Nations Lake Mining Company - Optioned to Hughes Porcupine Mines, Ltd.
By February, 1914, the Hughes Porcupine Mines. Limited would secure an option agreement on this property from the Three Nations Lake Mining Company. Mining operations at this site continued throughout most of the year. More development during that year had rather extend the underground workings when 700 feet of drifting was completed on the ore-body This development was also followed by 350 feet of crosscutting, 240 feet of raising, and 40 feet of sinking. During this time period the company had mainly stock piled the ore, while some was treated in the 10 stamp mill for testing procedures, and grading. It was by August, 1914, when the option on the property was allowed to lapse, and all mining operations became ceased.
The project was later operated by several mining Syndicates who took part in the exploration of this mine site.
Total drill holes completed by year Total length completed by year 1934 - 16 holes 6,569 feet from surface
1935 - 55 holes 5,966 feet from surface
1935 - Noranda Acquires the property from a syndicate
1936 - Property optioned by Noranda to Pamour Gold Mines, Limited. - Total gold production from mine - 23,118.969 ounces of gold (Au) from 138,187 tonnes of ore.
It was in March, 1934, when the historical Pamour Gold Mines, Limited. was incorporated under a capitalization of $5,000,000 shares. All of these shares were also reported to have been officially issued by December, 31, 1936. Prior to this the company would also option the Three Nations Gold Property from Noranda, who acquired this mine from a syndicate in 1935. Most of this property during that time was also undergoing a new name change when the company started calling it the Pamour Gold Property.
The old shaft that was sunk by the Three Nations Lake Mining Company was continued when it was sunk 356.6 feet further below the surface. Some winzing was also done in order to test the ore-body at depth, and had totaled 23 feet. Development during that time had consisted of 3,066 feet of crosscutting, 6,151 feet of drifting, and 4,338 feet of raising. Even diamond drilling had commence within that time period in which 15,475 feet was completed in 1936. In addition to underground development, the company had also added an ore-pass system, and developed of loading pockets on the 500 foot level For the most part this whole entire property had consisted 1,160 acres, in which 360 acres was optioned from Noranda.
Prior to getting this operation active the company would also place it's site under further construction phase on the much needed structures. This whole entire development phase would consist of installing a 200,000 gallon water reservoir, which also included the construction of a large slime settling pond, the installation of second 2,500 cubic foot capacity Bellis and Marcome Compressor, and the installation of a 1.500 K.V.A Transformer, and panels.
Another major development had occurred when the company completed the first mill unit that would place this mill into production on May, 15, 1936. Milling during this time period had rather treated a total of 138,187 tonnes of ore, that produce a gross recovery value of $808,471.25 in gold at $34,97 per an ounce. From all production that year it was rather reported that this mill had produce 23,118.969 ounces of gold (Au). Even a large amount of employees became employed during that year in which had totaled 323 personnel. Diamond drilling within this time period amounted to 59 surface holes, totalling 29,105.5 feet in length.
1937 - Pamour Porcupine Mines, Ltd.
It was in 1937, when the "Main Shaft" was sunk another 378 feet to a total depth of 1,091 feet, and a winze was collared on the 600 foot level to a depth of 43 feet. Some more statements from the company had also reported two other shafts on it's property, that were sunk by the former operators to a depth of 110, and 220 feet. With much of this development completed the company had focus on sinking the shaft further to a depth of 1,100 feet below the surface. Following this development the company end up cutting new levels that became opened up on 1,000, and 1,100 foot stations. Total development within that time period would end up comprising of 23,337 lineal feet of development which was done on the 200, 400, and 600 foot levels. As the mine continued to expand it was reported that 9,230.6 feet of drifting, 2,171.7 feet of crosscutting, 4,950.9 feet of raising, 1,870.7 feet of box holing, and 4,691.6 feet of stope development.
Most of the company's objective within that time period of operating was to open up new ore-bodies for immediate stoping operations. .Additionally this had also place development at a much safer margin ahead of production requirements, and also to increase output during the second half. Prior to developing this project the company would end up preparing 120 chutes, which were completed in shrinkage stopes in preporations to a large tonnage of ore. Most of the underground working also became extended to the east, and west sides of this mining operation.
Level Total Development Footage on each levels in 1937
200 foot 4,645 feet
400 foot 4,685 feet
600 foot 2,595 feet
Even more installations would end up occurring when a mechanical haulage was installed on the 200, and 400 foot level. This installation was also done for the purpose of using 42 cell M.V.M Exide Batteries, 60 cubic foot solid cars,and 10 1/2 foot diameter, single car tipples. Production during that time of operating was taken from the mines 200, 400, and 600 foot levels.
Levels Total tonnage taken from each level
200 foot 102,382 tonnes of ore
400 foot 153,594 tonnes of ore
600 foot 8,525 tonnes of ore from development
Surface Stockpile 11,667 tonnes of ore
Total Production in 1937 276,168 tonnes of ore
Underground mining operations at the Pamour Gold Project became suspended prior to taking down the olden wooden head-frame, and placing a new steel head-frame. WIth development taking place the company focus on commencing a surface drilling program that started at the end of last year, and was continued till November, 1937. For the most part this drill program had consisted of a series of incline holes, in which were drilled in parallel sections. These drills holes became spaced at 200 feet apart, and had cross-section the bedding of the formation of the No. 2 Shaft, which was located to the west side of the Pamour Gold Property. The No. 2 Shaft is rather developed at a distance of 1 mile from the current mining operations at the Pamour Gold Property in 1937. More statements from the company had stated that some ore was intersected in this drilling program but no attempt was made to drill it sufficiently.close to allow estimation of tonnage in 1937.
Information was obtained from diamond drilling, drifting, crosscutting, raising, and by actual mining for a total length of 2,500 feet, which was immediately tributary to the main shaft, and above the 600 foot level. This also included ore reserves of 201,000 tonnes of broken ore within the stope sections. Ore Reserve estimations during this time of operating had indicated 1,644,000 tonnes averaging a grade of 0.170 ounces of gold per ton. Diamond drilling had also taken place on the north and south greywacke, agglomerate,and greenstone formations. For the most part no indications of ore reserves were made within this section as it was not widely explored in 1937. In addition to this, the company would end up indicating this ore as probable as future diamond drilling will prove more of these sections as mineable.
Milling during this time period of operating was rather done at a much higher rate then most mines having a daily capacity of 775 tonnes of ore. It was in 1937 when milling was done at about 700 tonnes of ore per a day, in which it had been increased to 800 tons in December of that year.
Mill Production in 1937
First Quarter 63,629 tonnes of ore with an average grade of 0.211 ounces per a ton in gold (Au)
Second Quarter 67,433 tonnes of ore with an average grade of 0.299 ounces per a ton in gold (Au)
Third Quarter 72,200 tonnes of ore with an average grade of 0.249 ounces per a ton in gold (Au)
Fourth Quarter 72,906 tonnes of ore with an average grade of 0.236 ounces per a ton in gold (Au)
Total production amount to 276,168, averaging 0.231 ounces per a ton in Gold (Au)
Total Gross Value: $2,044,048.90
Total Gold Produce in 1937: 68,771.802 ounces of gold (Au)
Some more changes were made to the mill during this time period of operating when two additional 6 cell flotation units were put into operation on August, 1937. One of these being used as cleaner cells, and the other being scavenger cells. Most of this procedure was used as it had raised the ratio of concentration with less loss in tailings. (Ore Waste). At this time the mill had rather been designed as a unit, in which only one half of the grinding, flotation equipment was installed. Prior to this a decision had been also reached for the installation of the remained equipment in order to bump production levels between 1,400, and 1,500 tons per a day. For the most part this whole entire installation was nearly complete prior to the delay of the ball mill which was scheduled to arrive by January, 1938. Much of the installations that were done on the mill had included 5 by 14 foot Dominion Regrind Mill, 24 Denver A Flotation Cells, two 80 foot Dorr Classifiers, a 32 foot steel bowl classifier, an 11 foot steel agitator, and not least a precipitation tank.
Construction at the Pamour Gold Property continued onward when a steel head-frame with insulating galvanized iron siding, which had housed a 850 ton circular steel ore-bin, Extensions to the Hoist and compressor building, and 5 cottages for employees. Diamond drilling in 1937, amounted to 272 holes, in which 19,355.6 feet was completed from the surface, and 40,635.4 feet was done from underground. Total diamond drilling to date had amounted to 65,990.8 feet in total length.
1938 - Pamour Porcupine Mines, Ltd.
Shaft sinking along with mining had continued to progress as the "Main Shaft" was now reaching a total depth of 1,985 feet. This was also followed by station cutting that became establish at depths of 1,200, 1,400, 1,600, 1,700, 1,800, and the 1,900 foot level. At the time this shaft had rather reach its development objective but plans were under way to sink it to depth of 2,100 feet. Most of this was being done in order to facilitate the resumption of shaft sinking at any future dates.
Even more extensive development programs continued when the main trunk line drive was being developed to the east, and west on the 800, 1,200, and 1,000 foot levels. Prior to this explorations will also continued onward by crosscutting diamond drill hole to follow up on exploratory results. As development continues this would also expand the underground workings on the 400, 600, and 1,000 foot levels to the east and west. Even more changes would have to be made as the company would need to move the underground crusher from the 500 foot level to a depth of 1,700 feet. Most of this development will also develop an ore-loading pocket that was planned for ore loading operations on the 1,900 foot level. For the most part this loading pocket was stated to have also carried the ore, and waste pass system to the lower workings. With the mine continuing to be developed the company had also completed ore and waste pass raises on the 1,000 foot level, in which had commence raising from the 1,200 and 1,400 foot levels.
Extensive development was also completed on this project in 1938, when it comprised of 29,447.3 feet of development work. Shaft sinking during 1938, had amounted to 903.6 feet, winzing amounted to 27 feet, drifting amunted to 11,184.5 feet, crosscutting amounted to 2,794.7, Raising amounted to 6,816 feet, box hole raising amount to 1,718.2 feet, and stope development 6,033 feet. Total lateral development to date had rather amounted to 82,227.4 feet from all that was completed from the start of this operation.
For the most part development during this time of operating the Pamour Gold Project had been largely done on the 200, 400, and 600 foot levels. With the mine expanding the company also had commence trunk line development, which was underway on the 800, and 1,000 foot levels. A small opening was also started from the station on the 1,200 and 1,600 foot levels of the Pamour Gold Project.
Total length of each level to date in 1938
Level Total length in 1938
200 foot 4,645 feet in length
400 foot 6,470 feet in length
600 foot 3,475 feet in length
800 foot 1,225 feet in length
1,000 foot 1,647 feet in length
1,200 foot 200 feet in length
1,600 foot 261 feet in length
Most of the ojective during 1938, was mainly aimed at opening up the new ore-bodies on the 200, and 400 foot levels before changing locations of the Crusher on the 500 foot level. Most of this development will continued until the crusher can be moved to the 1,700 foot level. With this continuing the company also focus on opening up stopes on the lower levels, in which fiver were already place into production on the 600 foot level.
Production amounted to 182,723 tonnes of ore from the 200 foot level, 310,957 tonnes of ore from the 400 foot level, 19,938 tonnes of ore from the 600 foot level, and 1,575 from lower development. From all production the Pamour Porcupine Mines, Ltd. was able to obtain 515,193 tonnes of ore in 1938. 00
No surface diamond drilling was done within 1938, as the company confined its explorations underground. Drilling from underground in 1938, had consisted of 402 holes, totalling a length of 73,578.1 feet. Ore reserves within the Pamour Gold Mine were rather maintained its as an estimation of 1,748,665 tonnes, averaging 0.159 ounces per a tonne.
Milling during this time was operating at a daily average 1,411 tonnes of ore per a day. For the most part ore treatment at the beginning had average 800 tonnes, but would be doubled in February, and March to 1,500 tonnes of ore on a daily basis. A total of 515,193 tonnes was milled, in which had average 0.197 ounces of gold (Au) per a tonne of ore, in which produce 101,493.021 ounces of Au. From all production the Pamour Porcupine Mines, Ltd. had recovered a gross value of $3,313,829.73 in gold bullion.
Some of the construction that was made in 1938, had included the installation of a 96 by 60 inch Double Drum Cage Hoist, a 9 by 10 foot Dominion Ball Mill with conveyors. A change house followed by office building, oil house, powder magazine, and 2 residence also became constructed. Most of this was also followed by the installation of small machinery within the surface, and underground operations of the Pamour Gold Project. Employment within the Pamour Gold Mine was also high as the company had a total workforce of 507 mine personnel.
The Pamour Porcupine Gold Mines, Ltd. had additionally staked 3 claims that were located on the south end of Three Nations Lake. It was also in 1939, when mining operations continued, and new equipment was installed prior to expanding the workings further. Some of the new equipment that became installed had consisted of Dominion Engineered double-drum ore-hoist, English Electric Motor, a cage manufactured by Wabi Iron works, a 4 by 36 Dominion engineered Jaw Crusher, followed by ore care, locomotives,and tipples.
Besides adding the much needed equipment the company had also continued sinking the Five Compartment Main Shaft to a depth of 2,132 feet. Prior to this sinking the company would also engineer new lest that were cut, and station on the mines 2,000, and 2,100 foot level. Development which was undertaken in 1939, had mainly consisted shaft sinking, drifting, crosscutting, raising, stope development, complete ore-pass system, stoping, and diamond drilling. Drift and crosscutting was mainly confined to the east of the workings on the 800, 1,000, 1,200, 1,400, and 1,600 foot levels. Development to the west was also advance on the 400, 600, 800, 1,000, 1,200, 1,400, and 1,600 foot levels. Raising which was done during the year had mainly been achieved on pillars, ore-passes, and stope sections.
Even more development was taking place when Settling sumps became cut on the 800, 1,200, and 1,400 foot levels. There was also a large sump of 138,000 capacity that had been cut on the mines 1,600 foot level. Development within that time period had comprised of a total development of 30,480 feet in 1939. Most of this development was reported to have been done on an ore-pass system that was advanced to increase production. A huge amount of slashing was done during this time period which had amount to 135,362 cubic feet. Diamond drilling was also extensive that had consisted of 337 holes, totalling a length of 48,025.1 feet. Blash hole drilling that was also completed during the year would also consist of 1,959 holes, totalling 39,018 feet in length.
Total development footage in 1939
Level Drifting Crosscutting Raising
100 foot 1,018 feet 713 feet 140 feet
200 foot 9,342 feet 4,746 feet 3,274 feet
300 foot 32 feet 115 feet ---------------
400 foot 12,800 feet 2,584 feet 9,100 feet
500 foot 264 feet 88 feet 263 feet
600 foot 5,249 feet 1,000 feet 5,716 feet
700 foot 35 feet --------------- 79 feet
800 foot 4,156 feet 766 feet 774 feet
900 foot 27 feet --------------- ----------------
1,000 foot 4,767 feet 954 feet 2,443 feet
1,100 foot 72 feet --------------- 56 feet
1,200 foot 1,842 feet 758 feet 1,024 feet
1,300 foot 28 feet --------------- ----------------
1,400 foot 1,305 feet 608 feet 569 feet
1,600 foot 1,314 feet 697 feet 637 feet
1,700 foot 213 feet --------------- 276 feet
1,800 foot 90 feet 54 feet ----------------
1,900 foot 41 feet --------------- 737 feet
2,000 foot 154 feet --------------- 73 feet
2100 foot 48 feet --------------- ----------------
Mine Production in 1939
Levels Tonnes of ore Ounces per a ton of ore
200 207,656 tons 0.1147 ounces of Au
400 331,926 tons 0.1439 ounces of Au
600 17,050 tons 0.1231 ounces of Au
1,000 10,122 tons 0.1049 ounces of Au
1,200 396 tons 0.2268 ounces of Au
Total ore Milled in 1939 - 585,399 tonnes of ore
Total production - 585,399 tonnes of ore
Total (Au) Produce - 76,921.4286 ounces of Au
Ore Reserve Estimations - 1,778,500 tonnes averaging 0.131 ounces of Au per a ton
Mining operation during 1940, had continued to take place as much of development and production work was confined to the No. 3 or Main Shaft. Underground work during this time period had consisted of drifting, crosscutting, raising, stope development, stoping, and diamond drilling. Lateral development that was completed during the year had consisted of 25,653.3 lineal feet of development that was done, and 69,258.9 feet of diamond drilling, ore 617 holes from underground. Blast hole drilling within this time period had rather amounted to 25,927.3 feet or 1,439 holes that were drilled within the floor and vertical pillars. Production was also mainly focus on developing ore from stopes on the 200, 400, 600, 800, 1,000, and 1,200-foot levels of the Pamour No. 3 Shaft. In total production the mine had produce 549,253 tonnes of ore, with an average grade of 0.1372 ounces. There was also a total amount of 26,475 tonnes of development ore produce from this that had an average grade of 0.0875 ounces of gold per ton. Ore reserves to the end of 1940, resulted in 1,783,000 tonnes with an excess average grade of 0.119 ounces of gold per ton. The milling facility at this time had also treated 575,728 tonnes, with an average mill grade of 0.1349 ounces of gold per ton and a recovery of 91.204% was achieved.
1991 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc.
The Pamour Property was later staked by Royal Oak Mines, Inc. that was formed under an amalgamation of Royal Oak Resources. Ltd, Giant Yellowknife Mines, Ltd, Pamour Inc, Pamorex Minerals Inc., and Akaitcho Yellowknife Gold Mines, Ltd. In addition to this, Royal Oak Mines, Inc. had now controlled all mining operations owned by Giant Yellowknife Gold Mines, Ltd.
Production from the Pamour No.1 and Hoyle Underground Mine, the No. 5 pit adjacent to the Broulan boundary to the west, and the No. 3 Pit adjacent to the No. 1 Mine. Production from all mining operation in 1991, had amounted to 1,219,962 tonnes, with an average grade of 0.084 ounces of Au per a tonne. Most production from the Timmins area was mainly centered around the Pamour No. 1 Mine where ore was being mined from underground. For the most part, ore that was extracted from the Hoyle Mine had been conveyed along the 1,400 foot level to the Pamour No. 1 Mine's No. 3 Shaft, where it became skipped to the surface. Underground explorations on the Pamour Property was rather successful in outlining narrow, high-grade ore between 1,800 and 2,000 feet. Much of this area at the time was also referred as the TN Vein System. which was located within the Greywacke in the northern part of the Pamour No. 1 Mine. For the most part this vein system is known to also expand to the east, and at depth. More statements from the company had also stated that these high-grade, narrow veins are rather known to make up 5% of the total mined tonnage at the No. 1 Mine.
1992 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc.
Underground mining operations during this time were mainly focus to the east of the shaft towards the Hoyle Property. At the time it was rather stated that the lowest working of this mine was the 1,600 foot level. Most of the ore had also came from bulk mining within gold bearing quartz veins, and the stockworks in conglomerate. In addition to this, some bulk mining was also done in gold bearing quartz veins within the Greywacke. A small percentage of gold bearing quartz was also taken from the northern portion of this mining operation.
In 1992, the company had also underwent a 11,500 foot diamond drilling program, which was started in the later part of the year. Most of this was also funded through the OMIP funding, which was manage by the mine Geology Department. For the most part, its main attention was mainly focus on extending the mineralization within the No. 2 and No. 3 Pits areas, to find potential open-pit ore in the Hallnor Mine Site, and to explore the 35, and 51 veins areas in volcanic rocks to the norther part of the Pamour No. 1 Mine. In addition to this, the company had completed a total of 70,000 feet of drilling from underground, which was done for ore delineation purposes.
1993 - Royal Oak Mines, Ltd
During 1993, it was rather reported that one large longhole stope on the 1,400 foot level had provided ore from the conglomerate horizon. Another 14 different narrow vein stopes had also provide ore production from the volcanic rocks to the north. These rather narrow vein stopes would end up providing Royal Oaks Inc. with a supply of 5% of the total ore tonnage, and 20% the number of ounces. In addition to mining, two longhole stopes were also mined within the conglomerate ore in the adjacent Hoyle Underground Mine to the east of Pamour. At the time it was stated that this project was being mined under a royalty agreement with Kinross Gold Corporation, which was formerly known as the Falconbridge Gold Corporation.
Some ore within the Greywacke was also mined from the No. 3 and 2 pits between Pamour No. 1 and the Hoyle Mine. In other terms the company had stated that a possibility had exist in extending the No. 3 Pit westward. Some gold also became recovered from the No. 5 pit, which was used as a surface pillar recovery program near the Broulan Gold Property to the west.
1994 - Royal Oak Mines, Ltd.
It was in 1994, when Royal Oak Mine Inc. had completed 10 surface diamond drill holes, totalling 10,850 feet, which was done south of the Hoyle Mine. This whole entire exploratory phase was mainly aimed at exploring the metasedimetary rock package for economic gold mineralization. Production from the Pamour No. 1 Mine had also continued when the mine produce 85,755 ounces of Au from 1,350,007 tonnes of ore averaging 0.069 ounces a ton. This also included a small amount of ore that was produce from Cody Township on the northern penninsula of Nighhawk Lake.
1995 - Royal Oak Mines, Ltd.
About 55% of all production within 1995, had mainly came from open-pit operations, which was taken from the west pit, while a minor amount of ore was taken from the No. 3 and 2 pits. About 35% production came from the Pamour No. 1 Mine, and another 65% was taken from the Hoyle Gold Property to the east. Ore was rather taken from the narrow gold bearing quartz veins within the volcanic rocks that contributed 5% of the total tonnes produce. The rest of the ore that was obtained had came from quartz veins, and stockworks within the Greywacke, and conglomerate, which are done by bulk mining from underground or open pit mining. More statements from the company had also stated that the mine had reach a total depth of 3,000 feet, in which most mining was done above the 2,000 foot level.
1996 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc.
The main objective within 1996, was to connect the Pamour No. 1 Mine with the Hoyle Mine on the 2,200 foot level. Most of this was being done in providing better access for explorations, and to establish a haulage drift for mining the lower zone at the Hoyle Mine. It was rather stated that a previous haulage drift on the 1,400 level was used for hauling the ore from the upper workings. Both of these zones are rather within the conglomerate which also have parallel easterly plunge. Even more development soon had taken place when a ramp was continued in order to access the ore at the Hoyle Mine. By the end of 1996, it was reported that this ramp had reach the 1,700 foot level, in which provided access to the much higher grade ore then the upper zones.
A huge amount of diamond drilling, totalling 124,215 feet became establish from underground in 1996. For the most part this was rather reported to have been three times the amount of diamond drilling completed in previous years. The purpose for this drilling program was to define, and explore the lower zone at the Hoyle Mine, and the down plunge from the 2,200 foot level. This was also done to define gold mineralization in much higher grade TN Veins within the Greywacke between the 2,200, and 3,000 foot levels at the Pamour No. 1 Mine. Even more diamond drilling was done to explore between the much higher grade vein systems within the volcanic rocks to the north, which was the No. 35 and 51 veins.
Prior to explorations the company had also evaluated a large tonnage of ore for a "Super Pit" at the Pamour Mine. It was in 1996, when 253 surface diamond drill holes, totalling 144,422 feet became completed, along with 39 underground holes totalling 13,000 feet. This had rather gave a total ore reserve estimation of 65,550,000 tonnes, averaging 0.04 ounces of Au per ton, in which will produce 2,628,000 ounces of Au.
1997 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc.
The Pamour No. 1 Mine, and Open-Pit operation was continued during 1997, in which produce 101,344 ounces of Au from1,365,851 tonnes of ore. Milling had also continued when the average head-grade was 0.086 ounces of Au per a tonne of ore, with a recovery rate of 86.7%. From all production the company would end up producing 18,439 ounces of Ag (Silver), with a daily capacity of 3,800 tonnes of gold bearing ore. No other development was under taking during that time period of operating the Pamour Gold Project in Timmins, Ontario, Canada
1998 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc. - Total reserves estimated at 25,953,450 tonnes of probable ore, grading 0.042 ounces of Au a ton, and 43,818,248 tonnes of possible ore, grading 0.042 ounces of Au a ton.
From all mining it was within 1998, when the Pamour Gold Project would end up 61,220 ounces of Au from 1,077,216 tonnes of ore. With the mine in operation it was also reported by Royal Oak that the average head-grade was 0.067 ounce of Au per a tonne. with a daily production rate of 3,000 tons. An ore-reserve estimation was made on the Pamour Gold Project which indicated 25,953,450 tons of probable, grading 0.042 ounces, and 43,818,248 tonnes of possible ore, grading 0.042 ounces of Au a ton.
It was during 1998, when mining operations had taken place within theopen-pit, and underground shrinkage, and vertical crater retreat methods. Later development within this time period of operating had consisted 9,422 feet of drifting, and 1,829 feet of raising. Production from the Pamour No. 1 Mine was taken from 15 active within 3 levels. Some underground drilling had also taken place in which had amounted to 38,297 feet that was done for ore definion, and 31,806 feet for exploratory purposes.
1999 - Royal Oak Mines, Inc. declares bankruptcy, and closed it's mining operations. Property and Company acquired by Kinross Gold Corporation.
Production from the historical Pamour Gold Property had amounted to 39,600 ounces of Au from 787,600 tonnes of ore, with an average grade of 0.06 ounces of Au per a ton. No additional ore reserves were calculated during that year as ore-reserves were the same as in 1998. Mining was continued by open pit, and undergroud shrinkage, and vertical crater retreat methods. The total lateral development during 1999, had consisted of 7,600 feet of drifting, and 1,340 feet of raising that was completed from underground.
A major transfer in mining operations had occurred when Royal Oak Mines, Inc. would end up declaring bancruptcy Most of this had shortly after ceased mining operations in September, and the properties along with the company became acquired by Kinross Gold Corporation.