The Kidd Creek Property at the time was first being geologically mapped within the early part of 1958. For the most part this geological mapping program resulted in a three year aerial exploration program during the following year in 1959. Much of this whole entire aerial exploration program had flown through nearly 25,000 kilometers, and reported several thousands of anomalies. It was by March, 1959, when the Kidd Creek Electromagnetic anomaly was recorded for the first time. These satisfactory airborne explorations had led to the purchase of this option which was undertaken by the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company. In addition to this, the whole entire purchase at the time was mainly focus on purchasing the first of the four half lots overlying the ore-body. By this time it was also stated that extensive explorations were taking place when field crews carried out ground geophysical surveys of this land to locate a drill site. Drilling during this time period of operating had indicated copper-zinc mineralization within the core that was taken out to warrant further explorations.
Much of the whole entire claim block had consisted 640 acres within Kidd Township, Porcupine Area, within the Cochrane District, and is located 16 miles to the north by road from Timmins, Ontario,Canada. Work during 1964, was soon taking place when the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company had confined its operations to diamond drilling. This whole entire exploration phase was caused due to a copper-lead-silver-Zine ore-body that was first uncovered on April, 1964. It was at this point in time when the company had contracted much of the overburden stripping phase of the ore-body in order to prepare the area for open pit mining operations. Surface trenching which was completed during 1964, had totaled 360 feet in length, and was completed to an average depth of 10 feet. Diamond drilling which was undertaken on the Kidd Creek Property had consisted of 126 diamond drill holes, totalling 104,340 feet in length from the surface. Other construction which was completed during this time period had also consisted of a temporary mine office building for the time being. Contracting during 1964, was mainly aimed at finding a company to strip the overburden over 4 tracts of land that was overlying the ore-body. By April, 1964, it was announce that the company had discovered a fair large sized ore-body which was intersected by eight diamond drill holes. Metallurgical Testing of the ore-body was then undertaken within 1964, which resulted in satisfactory results to warrant development and further explorations on the Kidd Creek Property
1965 - Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
It was in 1965, when stripping of the overburden over the ore-body was commenced during the first four months, but had stop in the summer, and fall. Stripping was rather being prepared to resume during the cold weather in November, 1965. This had resulted in further construction when some rock excavation, and road building was initiated around the future open-pit operation. Diamond drilling which was done had amounted to 37 surface holes, totalling 12,720 feet in length within that year. Even more major construction had taken place when the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company had constructed a mine office building, warehouse welding shop, 54 inch Gyrotary Crushing Plant, Concentrator building, Mine Warehouse, Concentrator office, and a concentrator warehouse. It was rather during this time period when a total of 34,230 tonnes of ore was trucked to Kam Kotia Mines, Limited for test milling. By this time the Kidd Creek Mine had reach international news that resulted in a massive staking rush around this Copper-Zinc-Silver- Project. Much of this had also resulted in developing a road-way that was constructed from Timmins, Ontario, Canada to the mine site.
1966 - Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
Plans during this time period were proceeding extensively to develop the Kidd Creek Mine and the Hoyle Concentrator in 1966. A set back had rather occurred when several work stoppages occurred by various trades working for Ralph M. Parsons Construction Company of Canada, Limited. At the time it was also stated that three parallel circuits within the milling facility had went into operation on November, 16, 1966. This was rather establish 31 months after finding the Kidd Creek Ore-Body on April, 16, 1964. By this time the company had also made shipments from the property by the first five rail-cars of concentrate that were shipped on November, 21, 1966, to the Noranda Smelter. Further plans at the time were also aimed placing the second circuit in operation by the second week of January, and the third one late February or early March.
By this time it was also reported that the several usual milling problems associated with hydro metallurgy and separation, and concentration of the Copper-Zinc-Lead-SIlver sulphur minerals were work out. Test milling at the time was also stated to have been done in mills owned by Kam Kotia, and Broulan Reef Mines. At the time it was also during 1966, when the company focus on tuning up its mill in order to achieve a production rate of 9,000 tonnes of ore per a day. Production from this mill was rather being scheduled for full operation by April, 1, 1967.
Development on the Open Pit Operation was escalating when the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company had continued to strip the overburden. From all this development it had provided further production of the surrounding ore-body, and the removal of rock from around the Ore-Body, which measured 2,300 feet by 500 feet. It was at this time when a 17 mile rail-road connecting the mine and concentrator had went into operation. Most of this was being achieved by three diesel locomotives with a capacity of hauling 16 one hundred ton special ore-cars. Some more expectations were predicting to have the whole entire Concentrator into full production within the first half of the New Year. By this time it was also when the company had commence the major construction phase of a 360,000 sq. ft Concentrator, and Auxiliaries.This also included a 4,000 sq ft primary crushing plant, two 6,000 ton coarse ore bins, and a 68,000 sq ft garage shop, and auxiliaries. Testing of the newly developed concentrator plant had commenced operations on November, 16, and 113,899 tons of ore was treated. The average milling rate at the time was strongly known for treating 456 tonnes of ore. In addition to this, it also became stated that Kam Kotia, and Broulan Reef Mines had milled an additional 193,540 tonnes of Texas Gulf ore.
1967 - Texas Gulf Sulphur Company - incorporated subsidiary company Ecstall Mining, Limited.
Some more changes would end up occurring when the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company had made a subsidiary company called Ecstall Mining Limited. Most of this subsidiary was made in order to allow the company to focus on its operations globally, and to proceed with the Kidd Creek Mine Project. It was during this time of operation when open pit mining operations had rather progressed from January, 1 to December, 31, 1967. Production which was achieved from the open-pit had also amounted to 3,173,415 tonnes, in which 1,039,219 tons was treated. Milling during that time period of operating had rather increase from the previous year when it was operated at a daily capacity of 8,327 tons. Diamond drilling which was undertaken on the Kidd Creek Property had amounted to 11 surface diamond drill holes, totalling 3,809 feet in length.
Milling during 1967, was rather done at lower capacity rate than predicted which had a full daily production rate of 39,000 tonnes. During this time period of operating it was also reported that one out of three circuits was in operation on January, 1, 1967. The other two circuits were also place on stream in Mid-January, and Mid-February of 1967. Production from the on-site concentration had amounted 432,000 tons of 52% Zinc Concentrates, 205,000 tonnes of 25% copper concentrates, 43,000 tonnes of copper-lead concentrates, and 7,800,000 ounces of silver was produce in the above concentrates.
Metal recoveries during 1967, were also stated to have been good when an average of 91% copper, 82% Zinc, and 72% on silver. It was also stated that the last two months of operation had increase production to 95% copper, 85% Zinc, and 75% Silver. Prior to this it was also reported that some more improvements were being planned for 1968. Ore that came from the Kidd Creek Mine was extracted by open-pit mining methods during this time period of operating. Much of the mining from the open-pit had contributed safe practices when the ore was first drilled, and blasted, which had followed a design plan in carefully extracting the different types of ore. For the most part the open pit was known for hosting two different ore types that were determined zinc-copper ore-body, and a Zinc-Lead-Silver Ore-body. Development which was under taken had rather continued designing the open pit in creating a spiral of terraces, known as Benches. Each of these developed benches were also reported to have been 40 feet deep at the time of starting full operations at the Kidd Creek Mine. Mining operations during 1967, were also being achieve on three ore producing levels, and the start had been made on the fourth. Once the ore became blasted it was known to have been hauled away to the primary crusher which was located on the rim of the mining project. This crusher at one point in time was connected by a conveyor to two 6,000 ton loading bins. Once of these bins was made for holding the zinc-copper ore, and the other for the Lead-Zinc-Silver ore that were extracted from the open-pit. Each type of ore category was reported to have also been handled separately from the mine to the milling facility. For the most part this practice of separation was mainly done in order to provide optimum recoveries from the complex ore.
Ore extractions during this time period of operating were being achieve six power shovels, which kept a fleet of 18 50 ton trucks busy. Most of the work by the trucks had included shuttling the ore from the mine site to the primary crusher or waste dump. The ore during 1967 was known to have also been dumped in the Primary Crusher where it becomes broken to a maximum size of 6 inches, and then carried by conveyor to the loading bins. From here, much of the ore was than loaded onto railway bins where it became hauled over 17.5 mile of railway line to the Kidd Creek Concentrator. Much of the concentrate that's delivered to the conentrator is than on-loaded into a 2,500 ton dumping pocket. As the ore enters the dumping pocket, it was than conveyed to the second and third stage crushers which reduce it to pieces smaller 3/4 of an inch. Operations of the concentrator are known to also operated by the control room which was equipped by modern instrumentation in order to control steady mill production. During 1967, the company also stated that continuous metal analysis was being undertaken by the use of Xray equipment. Most of this procedure was being done by a computer that was coupled with an Xray, and automatic typewriter in order to provide a steady flow of information to the operator for process control. Three sets of rods, and ball mills were also considered to have grind the ore into a water slurry for physical separation of the minerals and waste component. As this occurs it was also during this time period when Reagents were added to promote flotation, Once the ore slurry moved from the two flotation cells it was reported that the valuable minerals were brought to the surface, and passed on to large concentrator thickeners. After thickening, the concentrates were known to have been filtered and then dried into powder for shipment to Noranda, and Montreal East, Quebec, Canada. Most of the copper, and silver, along with the zinc concentrates became sold by Texas Gulf Sulphur to the smelters in United States, Europe, and Japan, as there was no market for this product in Canada at the time. The lead concentrates also became shipped for smelting, and a portion of the silver recovered was returned to Texas Gulf Sulphur for sale in the marketing division. Studies during this time period were also being made in constructing copper and zinc smelters, and refinery facilities in Ontario, Canada.
1968 - Ecstall Mining, Limited - Subsidairy of Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
Ecstall Mining, Limited, which was a subsidiary of Texas Gulf Sulphur, had progressed with milling, and open pit mining operations through out 1968. During this time, it was also reported that a huge amount of production was taken from the open pit operation that produce 3,614,860 tonnes which was milled at an average rate of 9,778 tons per day. Production which was achieved during 1968, had included 562,400 tons of 52% zinc concentrate, 205,400 tons of 23% copper concentrate, 96,000 tons of lead concentrate, and 13,396,000 ounces of silver was also recovered..Further statements on metal recoveries had also reported to have been improved, and the open pit mining operation was progressing to fifth 40 foot bench in 1968. On going research on pilot plants was also undertaken to improve metallurgy, and to continue the objective of better recovery. This was also aimed at further testing new ideas in recovering additional produces such as pyrite, and tin. Some more studies would be undertaken on the cyanide process for recovering silver from pyrite, and the tailings were also under study. At this point in time the company had also focus on preliminary studies to develop an underground mine to supplement the open-pit production. Further so this had also resulted in ongoing studies and predictions on developing concentrator, refineries, and Smelter Plant. Shipments of copper concentrates had also continued to be shipped for smelting and refining to Noranda, and Montreal East. From this shipment its reported that the resulting copper metal and silver were returned to the company for sales. Much of the lead concentrates which became produced also contained the silver bullion that was produce in 1968. Silver prices during 1968, were reported to have drop from the high levels of more then $2 an ounce. But more interest during 1968, was mainly focus on the rising prices of copper that rose to 44 cents a pound, and zinc was also increased to 14 cents a pound within the U.S Markets. Following this it also became reported that free world production and shipments of copper, lead, zinc had also increased. During 1968, it was reported that free world production of copper 5.91 million tons with limited situations in strikes. By this time, it was also stated that free world consumption of refined copper in 1968 had reach an estimated 5.58 million short tons. In addition to this, it was also reported that free world refined zinc production in 1968, had amounted to 4.10 million tons This had also increased the consumption of refined zinc which was now at 4.17 million tons. Lead was another major source of production when free world production of refined lead had rose to2.98 million tons from 2.75 million tons in 1967. Some of the major construction during this time period of operating had also included the construction of the 20,000 sq ft administration building, and sub-level parking facilities.
1969 - Ecstall Mining Company, Ltd.- Subsidiary of Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
Mining and Milling operations continued to provide the company with excellent production of Copper, Zinc, Lead, and Silver. The mining project during this time was still being operated by Ecstall Mining, Limited within 1969. Open pit mining operations followed by ore milling was also reported to have progressed from January, 1 to December, 31, 1969. For the most part mining operations were confined to sinking a vertical, four compartment, circular No. 1 shaft at the west foot-wall side of the open-pit. Sinking was first commenced by the mid year which resulted in collaring this shaft to a depth of 90 feet below the collar. This development procedure had also resulted in the development of a reinforced concrete head-frame that 340 feet high at the time. Other preparations during this time period of operating were also progressing to install a sinking plant. With this in place it would rather commence shaft sinking within the early part of 1970, which is aimed at sinking it to a proposed depth of 3,000 feet. Development during this time was also followed 9 by 17 foot inclined service ramp that was driven a total 1,101 feet. At this point it was also stated that a five foot diameter borehole that was 205feet long had connected the underground ramp with the surface.Ventilation at the time was being achieved by small exhaust holes that were made by seven diamond drill holes, totalling 14,450 feet in length. Work during that time period of operating was confined to developing the head-frame, shaft, and ramp for underground mining to be coordinated when completed with open-pit production. Another decision was made in 1969, to proceed with the construction of a new zinc plant that would cost $50 million. Most of this planning was confirmed as it would end up processing 50% of the zinc concentrates which were being sold to custom smelters. Processing of the zinc concentrate would end up producing 120,000 short tons of slab zinc metal, 230,000 short tons of sulphuric acid, 1,000,000 pounds of Cadmium, and recoveries of silver (Ag).
The bottom of the open pit during 1969, had reach the seventh 40 foot bench, which resulted in extensive production. By this time the company had also place substantial progress on the head-frame in order to provide underground access, and a decline ramp for underground mining. Even more changes were being made when plans to sink the 24 foot diameter, 3,000 foot deep shaft was scheduled to commence in the second quart of 1970, and was to be completed by 1971. Before any construction was undertaken on the zinc plant it became reported that Texas Guld Sulphur had obtained the much needed approval to meet regulation standards.
1970 - Ecstall Mining, Limited - Subsidiary of Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
Open pit mining operations had continued to take place within the Kidd Creek Mine Project through 1970. This development work had resulted in sinking of the No. 1, four compartment shaft to a depth of 1,675 feet below the surface. Most of this development work was taking place on the west foot-wall side of the open-pit operation, within south half of lot 4, concession V of Kidd Township. Further plans were being aimed at bottoming out this shaft to a depth of 3,050 feet below the shaft collar in 1970. Sinking of the No. 1 Kidd Creek Shaft had resulted in opening up new levels known as the 800, 1,200, and 1,600 foot levels, which were cut and stationed at 826, 1,187, and 1,586 feet. Lateral development during this time period of operating the underground mining operations had resulted in 5,448 feet of drifting, 737 feet of crosscutting, and 864 feet of raising.
Statements on the ore-body had stated that this was rather a very complex geological area to work in at the time. For the most part it was known as the worlds largest producer of zinc, silver, copper, and cadmium. The mine is also known to vary in tonnage due to the different ore types that are mined in various areas of the Kidd Creek Mine. Further plans were being aimed at commencing underground mining operations and producing the valuable resources from the open-pit in 1972. Much of the quantities of zinc, copper, or lead ores mined had direct bearing on output of other metals within that time period of starting mining operations. Silver values are also strongly known to be associated lead, copper, and zinc concentrates. In many cases cadmium is known to also be associated with the zinc concentrates, and is known be recovered with silver, and other metals during smelting and refining operations.
Extensive research was also under taken on the pilot plant at Kidd Creek on the recovery of tin and other minerals which were going into waste at the time. It was rather at beginning 1971 when a substantial quantity of zinc concentrate was about to be processed in the new electrolytic zinc plant, which was under construction and adjoining the Concentrator. With processing taking place the company would continue to sell the balance of the concentrate to Smelters in United States, Japan, and Europe.
Crosscuts which were driven into the ore-body on the 800 foot level which intersected more ore within this section of the mining project. Results from development and drilling from underground and surface had indicated new proven and probable ore reserves at the Kidd Creek Mine in 1970. Further statements had stated that the present ore reserve within the Kidd Creek Mine had substantial life of 25 years with an annual production 3,600,000 tonnes of ore. This is in addition to the 14 millions tonnes that was produce within the first four years of operating this project. At the time it was also stated that the depth or the width of this ore-body in some areas had not been delimited.
Some ground outside of the Kidd Creek Property was acquired under agreement with the Royal Trust Company in 1970. It was rather stated that Texas Gulf Sulphur, and Ecstall had acquired all the rights, title, and interest in one of the four 160 acre tracts over which Kidd Creek Mine had extended. This purchase had included the acquisition by Texas Gulf of the 10% net profit interest held by the Royal Trust Company at the time. Just to purchase this property it had cost Texas Gulf $27.5 million which included accrued net profits royalties of about $5 million
Production that was undertaken from the Kidd Creek Mine had amounted to processing 3,586,000 tonnes of ore. Processing results had rather amounted 172,000 tons of 25% copper (Cu), 70,400 tons of lead concentrates, and 582,100 tons of Zinc Concentrates (Zn). Silver production from the concentrates had rather resulted in 13,023,200 ounces that was produce in 1970.
1971 - Ecstall Mining, Limited. - Subsidiary company of Texas Gulf Sulphur Company
by 1971, the Texas Gulf Sulphur Company had reported the new completion date for the Ecstall Zinc Refinery at Hoyle, which was located south of the Kidd Creek Mine, and schedule for completion by 1972. At the time it was also reported that the proposed annual output for this refinery complex was 230,000 tons of sulphuric acid, 120,00 tons of refined zinc (Zn), and 1,000,000 tons of Cadmium. This plant would also recover additional metals such as copper, silver, tin, and several other accessory metals. Some more statements had reported that much of the copper concentrates would continue to be processed at the Noranda Smelter in Quebec, Canada. So far to date, it was rather reported that the Kidd Creek Mine was one of the largest producers of zinc-silver Sinking of the No. 1, four compartment shaft was officially completed to a depth of 3,000 feet below the surface, and underground mining operations were expected to commence in 1972. Most of this production and development would be derived from the open-pit operation within that time period to commence further underground explorations. There was also an increase in ore reserves when the mine now had estimated to contain 90 millions tons. Estimation on recovery were also achieved which resulted in grade base production output of 1.2% Cu, 8.4% Zn, and 3.6 ounces of Ag per ton. Production which was undertaken during that year of operating had amounted to a daily average of 10,000 tonnes and was worked from January, 1 to December, 1971. The total production that was processed at the concentrator had its very own output of 3,6 million tons of ore. By 1971, the company reported that 183,000 short tonnes of 25% Cu Concentrate was taken from this mine which was followed by an additional 590,000 tonnes of 52% Zn Concentrate, and 61,900 tonnes of Pb was produce. From this concentrate it was also stated that 12,720,000 troy ounces of silver, and 3,214,000 pounds of Cadmium was further extracted. During 1971, it was also stated that the Kidd Creek Mine had completed its sixth year of production on November, 16, 1972. Total production from this time period resulted in the recovery of 538 million pounds of Cu, 145 million pounds of Pd, 430 million pounds of Zn, 70 million ounces of Ag, and 18 million pounds of Cd.
1973 - Ecstall Mining, Limited. -Subsidiary of Texas Gulf Sulphur, Limited.
Production from the Kidd Creek Mine had rather process 205,600 tonnes 25% Cu Concentrate, 589,800 tonnes of zinc concentrates, 107,100 tonnes of zinc metal,10,691,000 ounces of silver, and quantities of lead, cadmium, and tin. Indicate reserves above the 2,800 foot level had stood at 95 million tonnes of ore, with an average grade of 1.53% Cu, 9.73% Zn, and 4.26 ounces of Ag per ton. Drilling which was undertaken from the underground levels had also intersected erratic gold values near a zone of bornite ore. Further diamond drilling was also continued below the 2,800 foot level which indicated ore grade material within the core obtained. One diamond drill hole that was conduct from underground had intersected 1,164 feet of ore grading 3.2% Cu, and was extended to a depth of 4,700 feet below the surface. Some more expansions towards the mines processing facilities had included the development of a copper smelter and refinery, an additional zinc circuit, and a fertilizer. A decision during this time period was also made to develop a shaft to the depth of 5,200 feet below the surface. Most of the shaft sinking phase was done in order to increase production levels to 5,000,000 tonnes of ore annually during 1973.
1974 - Ecstall Mining, Limited - Subsidiary of Texas Gulf Sulphur
The Kidd Creek Mine had continued to produce several million tonnes of ore during the operation period of 1974. Production during this time period had resulted in 231,700 tonnes of 25% Cu Concentrate, 9,500 tonnes of copper-silver concentrates, 36,200 tonnes of 52% Pd concentrates, 580,400 tonnes of Zn concentrates, 107,900 tonnes of Zinc metal,188,300 tonnes of Sulphuric acid, 782,200 pounds of Cadmium, 486,200 pounds of tin, and 10,553,000 ounces of silver in concentrate. Milling during this time period of operating was also increased to a daily capacity of 11,000 tons of ore per day. Two thirds of the production that was taken from the Kidd Creek Mine had came from underground, and the remaining one third from open pit mining operations. Plans at the time were being considered as the open pit would be officially phased out by 1977.
Development during this time period was aimed at sinking the N0. 2 Shaft operation to service mining operations between the 914 m and 1,524 m level. Shaft sinking within this time period had rather reached a total depth of 3,900 feet below the surface at the Kidd Creek Mine Site. Expansions were also being made to fully construct the newly developed copper smelter complex at Hoyle.
1977 - Texas Gulf of Canada, Limited
Explorations at the Kidd Creek Mine had continued on-ward when Texas Gulf Canada, Ltd. had announce that a new mineralization was encountered. Results from diamond drill had reportedly intersected 4.6 m of 14.1% Zn, 1.96% Pd, and 4.64 ounces of Ag per ton at a vertical depth of 82 m. Most of this newly discovered area was stated to have been located at a distance of 2,100 m northwest of the Kidd Creek Mine.Some more issues had soon came upon the company when misplace boundaries had actually drilled the hole on property owned by Chance Mining and Exploration Company, Ltd. It was also stated that this company was known a subsidiary venture of Conwest Exploration Company, Limited. Prior to this it was also reported that an optioning agreement was made between Chance, and Texas Gulf, who carried out geophysical surveys, and 3,295 m of diamond drilling. Most of this was done in order to better define the mineralized zone that was intersected. Results from this work had rather been reported to have not intersected any encouraging values, and further work became deferred for the present. Further statements had also reported that interesting intersections were made on Chance Property during earlier diamond drilling programs. Production from overall mining in 1977, had produce a great amount of concentrate totalling 243,500 tonnes of 25% Cu Concentrate, 31,000 tonnes of Pd Concentrate, 436,000 tonnes of Zn Concentrates. and 91,000 tonnes of Zn Metal, 8.9 million ounces of silver, 2.2 million pounds of Cadmium, 372,000 tonnes of tin obtain in concentrates.
1978 - Texas Gulf of Canada, Limited
As the mine continued to expand it was November, 10, 1978, when Texas Gulf had completed their $32 million shaft sinking phase on the No. 2 mine.By this time the shaft had reach a depth of 5,105 feet, and was constructed to be 25 feet in diameter. Other statements from Texas Gulf had stated that this would increase overall production, and service the levels between the 914 m and 1,524 m level. Much attention at the time was mainly aimed at increasing production from 10,000 tons to 13,500 tons of ore per a day by 1981. During this phase the company would also complete it $275 million copper-smelter refinery complex with a processing rate capable of handling 65,000 tonnes of refined copper.
Some more downfalls had also occurred during 1979, when the mine had went under care and maintenance as the zinc prices force the company to suspend operations for a year. This major shut down would only last for a year as the mine still contained millions of tonnes in reserves, and the zinc prices would only increase at a later time. The tonnage mined during 1978, had process 3.3 millions tonnes of ore during this time period of operating the Kidd Creek Mine. Texas Gulf during this closure had rather been confined to other mining venture when an option was made to develop, and explore the Owl Creek Deposit.
1981 - Texas Gulf of Canada, Limited. - Change names to Kidd Creek Mines, Limited.
The Kidd Creek Mine was place back into production during 1981, as rising Zn prices had made a dramatic comeback. By this time the company was rather increasing its production once again when 4,076,400 tonnes of ore were produce from the mine. After processing this had given the company a produce product of 109,200 tonnes of Zn Concentrate, 64,000 tonnes of Cu Metal, 114,900 kg of Silver, 483 tonnes of Cd concentrates, 238 tonnes of Sn concentrates, and 16,100 tonnes of Pd Concentrates. Development which was under taken in the No. 1 Mine had totaled 7,266 m, and the No.2 mine was further extended by 9985 m of lateral development. Diamond drilling during 1981, had amounted to 24,994 m, in which 5,578 m was done for exploratory purposes. This also resulted in surface diamond drilling that had amounted to a total length 2,381 m which was done in 1981.
1982 - Kidd Creek Mines, Limited.
Development and production during this time period of operating was mainly confined to extracting the bulk tonnage above the 1,600 foot level of No. 1 Mine. Most of the ore that was produce during that year was also reported to have been taken from pillar recovery above the 1,200 foot level of the Kidd Creek Mine. A small amount of production was also stated to have came from the No. 2 Mine above the 2,800 foot level. In all production it was stated that a total of 4,225,790 tonnes of ore was produce during the operating period of 1982. From this production it was reported that the No. 1 Mine had produce 3,247,150 tonnes, and another 978,640 tonnes came from the No. 2 Mine. Ore processing during this time period of operating had produce 371,600 tonnes of Zn concentrates, 311,800 tonnes of Cu Concentrates, and 26,300 tonnes of Silver-lead concentrates. Silver recovery during this time period had amounted to 166,550 kg, and the Zinc refinery produce105,600 tonnes of refined zinc from 210,400 tonnes of concentrate.. A total of 161,200 tonnes of concentrate was also available for direct sale, and the company's copper smelter had treated 118,600 tonnes of copper concentrate. Another balance of 193,200 tonnes was reported to have been smelted elsewhere in Canada. Development which was undertaken at the No. 1 Mine had amounted to 9,281 m of lateral and 3,049 m of vertical development. This was also followed by further developing the No. 2 Mine by 10,156 m of lateral, and 2,792 m of vertical development
1983 - Kidd Creek Mines, Limited.
Continuous expanding had taken place when development on the No. 1 Mine had amounted to 9,867 m of lateral, and 3,370 m of vertical. Diamond drilling which was undertaken during that year had amounted to 25,000 m, and 10,000 m was done towards exploratory procedures. Explorations that became establish were known to have been confined to tracing the ore-body laterally between the 2,500 and 4000 foot level. Much of the proven and probable reserves at the beginning of 1983, had indicated 78.4 million tonnes, grading 2.9% Cu, 5.0% Zn, 0.2% Pd, and 67.0 gm of silver per ton. It was also in 1983, when 74% of all production that came from the Kidd Creek Mine was taken from the No. 1 Mine. Most of this whole entire production was reported to have been achieved above the 2,000 foot level with the bulk of this production taken from between the 1,200 and1,600 foot levels. By this time it was also stated that the No. 2 Mine had produce 26% of all production that came from between the 2,600, and 3,400 foot levels.Production that was achieved from the mine during this operation year was mainly done by blast hole stoping, with minor amount of ore coming from sub-level caving. A total of 31% was also stated to have been derived from pillar recovery within the No. 1 Mine at the time. Some more statements had also reported that this deposit was virtually mined out above the 800 foot level, and 75% of the ore was depleted between the 2,600, and 2,800 foot levels in the No. 2 Mine. Concentrate production had amounted to 389,000 tonnes of Zn, 388,000 tonnes of Cu, and 22,000 tonnes of silver-lead that was produce from 4,154,000 tons.of ore. By this time the company had also kept its zinc plant running as 211,000 tonnes was treated, and produce 107,000 tons of zinc. Smelting operations were also continued when a total of 168,000 tonnes of copper concentrates had recovered 53,000 tonnes of refined copper were recovered. This also resulted in more production when a total of 37,000 tonnes of copper (Cu) was produce from the remaining concentrate on toll basis elsewhere. From this concentrate there was also 197,000 g of silver, and 400 tonnes of Cadmium which was also recovered.
1984 - Kidd Creek Mines, Limited.
Mining within 1984, was continued at the Kidd Creek Mine with most of the annual production coming from the No. 1 Mine. Ore which was extracted was mainly being taken out by blast-hole stoping between the 1,200 and 1,600 foot levels in the No. 1 Mine. At the time it was also reported by Kidd Creek Mines, Limited that most of the ore-body above the 1,200 foot level was mined out. Only a small section was reported to have remained there, and contained a total tonnage of 80,000 tonnes. Development which was completed on the No. 1 Mine had totaled 11,300 m of lateral, and 4,200 m of vertical development.
Production along with mining had also taken place within the No. 2 Mine of the Kidd Creek Mining operation. Most of the production that was taken from this section had came from between the 2,400 and 3,400 foot levels. Other statements by the company had also reported that 1 stope had remained between the top of the 2,600, and 2,800 foot levels. For the most part the company had also stated that the bottom producing level of the No. 2 Mine was the 3,400 foot level. Plans at the time were also being made to start development of the newly cut and stationed 4,000 foot level. At the beginning of 1984, it was stated that the proven and probable ore reserves within the Kidd Creek Mine had slightly decreased to 74 million tonnes, grading 3.1% Cu, 4.9% Zn, and 67 g of silver per ton. Some more development during 1984, had also taken place on the No. 2 Mine when 4,575 m was completed. This would also included an additional 2,625 m of lateral, and 1,420 m of vertical development. Underground diamond drilling within 1984, had totaled 22,400 m of which 6,000 m was mainly confined to exploratory drilling. In addition to this, it was also stated that 3,000 meters of surface exploratory drilling was also done at the mine site.
Production which was achieved during 1984, had resulted in hoisting a total of 4,850,000 tonnes of ore from the No. 1 and 2 Mines. Ore processing during 1984, had also amounted 4,513,000 tonnes of ore from which 211,000 tonnes of Zn concentrates were produce for sale. Further production within 1984, was also taken from the zinc plant that was another contributor of 122,000 tonnes of zinc (Zn), which was refined at the Kidd Creek Metallurgical site in Hoyle Township. Copper Concentrates which were produce at the Kidd Creek Metallurgical site had amounted to 30,000 tonnes of saleable copper. It was at this point in time when the company had continued to ship some of the its copper concentrate that ended up recovering 37,000 tonnes of copper metal (Cu). Prior to this the company had also recovered 271,000 kg of Silver (Ag), 600 tonnes of Cadmium (Cd), and 26,000 tonnes of lead silver ore.
1985 - Kidd Creek Mines, Limited
Underground development was continued throughout 1985, which ended up totalling 9,714 m of lateral and vertical development. From this calculation it was stated that a total of 6,402 m lateral, and 3,312m of vertical development became completed in 1985. It was also at this point in time when the total mined tonnage had equaled the proven, and probable reserves remaining in the mine. This conclusion had rather stated that the total mined ore plus tonnage had rather represented 131.6 million tonnes down to 4,800 feet below the surface. Development at the time was mainly confined to the No.1 Mine as most of the production amounting to 76% came from this section. At the time it was also reported that most of the ore mined during1985 was taken from above the 2,000 foot level of No. 1 Mine. Further statements had stated that most of this deposit was mined out above the 1,200 foot level. Prior to this it was also stated that the bottom level of the No. 1 Mine within 1985 was known as the 2,400 foot level
Diamond drilling during that time had also totaled 21,610 m in which 50% of this was mainly ore delineation drilling. This had also resulted in the remaining 50% that was mainly confined to primary ore definition, and exploration drilling. In total drilling it was rather stated that this diamond drilling program had amounted to a total length of 22,400 m. Reports from Kidd Creek Mines, Limited. had also stated that delineation drilling at the No. 1 Mine was 90% completed in 1985.At the time it was also reported that the company was focusing on starting up a primary ore definition drilling program on the 4,600 foot level. Surface explorations within that time period of operating had amounted to 1,376 m that was done in 1985 Proven and probable ore reserves at the beginning of 1985, had stood at 67.6 millions tonnes of ore, grading 3.2% Cu, 4.9% Zn, and 67 grams of Ag per ton. It was also within this time period when the Kidd Creek Mines, Ltd. had started a $66 million expansion of its metallurgical facilities to be completed by 1988. The main purpose for this whole expansion would enable the company to smelt and refine more of its concentrate production, thus reducing unit costs, and increasing net annual revenue.
1986 - Falconbridge, Limited. Acquires all assets of Kidd Creek Mines, Limited.
Another change was made in 1986, when Falconbridge, Limited had acquired Kidd Creek Mines, Limited, and its assets. The whole entire purchase had included additional exploratory ground along with several mine projects like the Kidd Creek Mine, Hoyle Pond Mine, and the Owl Creek Deposit. It was at this point in time when Falconbridge, Ltd. had commence its own operations at the No. 1 and 2 Mines of the Kidd Creek Project. A total of 75% of all production that came from the Kidd Creek Mine was taken from the No. 1 Mine. Most of the ore which was extracted during this time period had mainly come from above the 2,000 foot level. Development that became completed in 1986, had amounted to 6,871 m of lateral, and 1,611 m of vertical development.
Some more development at the time had also taken place at the No. 2 Shaft which contributed 25% of all production in 1986. Production which was undertaken during that time period of operating the No. 2 Mine had been confined to blast-h0le stoping between the 2,800, and 3,200 foot level. There was also a minor amount of production that was achieved between 3,800 and 4,000 foot levels in 1986. Development which was completed within 1986, had amounted to 6,524 m of lateral, and 1,354 m of vertical development. Production within 1986, had amounted to 4,535,000 tonnes ore was mined to produce 102,000 tons of copper metal at the Kidd Creek Metallurgical Site, and a total of 26,911 tonnes of copper concentrate was for sale. The total zinc recovery in 1986, had amounted to133,505 tonnes with additional 79,479 tonnes of zinc concentrate produce for sale. It was also within this time period when the total silver recovery from the concentrates had amounted to 6.3 million ounces of Ag.
Underground diamond drilling that was completed from the No. 2 Shaft operation had totaled 15,530 m in 1986. From this calculation it was reported that 29% was ore Delineation drilling, 33% was considered as primary ore definition drilling, and 38% exploratory drilling. Other statements from Falconbridge, Limited had stated that exploratory drilling during 1986, was mainly confined to the 4,600 foot level. This had resulted in drilling 3 exploratory holes in order to outline the projection of the ore-body down to 6,000 feet and one hole was driven down to the 7,000 foot level. There was also no surface exploratory drilling that was accomplished during this time period of exploring the underground workings further. This had also resulted in continuing explorations programs at the Chance Property which was done on the South Half of Lot 6, concession 6 of Kidd Township.One of the drills known as K64-13 was completed in November, to a depth of 1,342 feet. Most of this diamond drill hole was aimed at testing the north segment of Chance ryholotitic rock, which was hydrothermally altered and contained anomalous base metal mineralization. The best intersections which were made on the massive sulphide zone had assayed 0.12% Copper (Cu), 2.02% Zinc (Zn), 0.18% Lead (Pd), 1.03 oz silver and 0.001 ounces gold per ton, over a width of 0.12 m. Further reports had stated that this zone ended up striking in a possible east-west dirction which had a vertical dip.
1987 -Falconbridge Mines, Limited.
By 1987, Falconbridge Mines, Limited would continue its mining operations at the Kidd Creek Mine, within Kidd Township of Cochrane District. It was by this time when the No.1 Mine had achieved 77% of all production that became a major contributor of the Kidd Creek Mine in 1987. By this time it was also stated that exploratory drilling which was conducted from the 4,600 foot level was done by seven working machine drill. Three of these drills became used to outline the projection of the ore-body down to the 6,000 foot level, while the remainder was used to determine the condition of the ore-body at depth. This whole entire drilling program had essentially costed the company $10 million in order to complete it. Drilling that was completed down to the 6,000 foot level had intersected 24 intersections with an average grade that's better than 1% Nickle (Ni). Most production that was achieved during this time period of operating had been taken from 10 stope sections within the Kidd Creek Mine Site. Most of the ore extractions that came from the mine were also reportedly taken from the 366, and 732 m levels. which the bottom level had bottomed out at a depth of 792 m. Other statements from Falconbridge, Limited would also report that all the ore above the 366 m level was all mined out with the exception of 100,000 tonnes that remains in the Pillar. Lateral development during 1987, had resulted in a development footage consisting of 4,438 m which was establish that year.
Other reports during this time period of operating had stated that the Kidd Creek Mine from 1966 to 1986, had produce 74.2 million tonnes of ore, grading 1.99% Copper (Cu), 7.54% Zinc (Zn), 0.30% Lead (Pd), and 144 gr ton of silver (Ag) per ton. Ore reserve to a depth of 1,524 m were also commonly estimated to contain 57.9 million tonnes, with an average grade of 3.21% Copper (Cu), 5,51% Zinc (Zn), 0.16% Lead (Pd), and 66 grams to the ton of Silver (Ag) at the beginning of 1987. Production at the time had rather reach its peak annual output from previous season of operating, and was expected to decrease production gradually. Underground diamond drilling that was completed in 1987, had amounted to a total length of 9,324 m, which was describe as ore delineation drilling. Following this drilling program it also became reported that primary ore definition drilling had amounted to 4,420 m in total length. For the most part it was also rather stated that most of this diamond drilling program was completed from the 4,423 m level in order to define ore between the 1,524 m and 1,828 m levels. This was also followed by exploratory drilling that ended up totalling 2,130 m, and was strongly stated to have been completed from the 1,402 m level. Surface drilling within this time period of operating was also conducted which ended up amounting to a total length of 29,500 m that became completed in 1987.
Expansions at the time along with maintenance replacement was also continued in bringing ore production to an increase in 1987. It was at this point in time when the copper smelter, and refinery became increased to produce 90,000 tonnes of copper per a year from 59,000 tonnes of concentrate. Even the Zinc Plant was experiencing upgrades when a total of 136,000 tonnes of Zinc would be produce on a yearly basis from 102,000 tonnes of zinc concentrate. Falconbridge, Limited. had also became one of the highest employers wtihin the Timmins areat that ended up totalling 2,472 employees towards its metallurgical facility, and underground mining operations.
The No. 2 Mine at the time had eight operating stopes that would end up producing the remainding 23% of all the ore that came from the Kidd Creek Mine. Most of the production within this time period operating had came from stope sections between the 853 and 1,219 foot levels. Lateral development which became completed had also amounted to a total of 3,229 mthat was completed at the No. 2 Mine. Production that was commence during this time period of operating ended up amounting t0 4,599,000 tonnes with an average grade of 2.75% Copper (Cu), 6.07% Zinc (Zn), 0.23% Lead (Pd), and 79 g/t silver per ton.
Falconbridge Mines, Limited had re-continued the exploration project on the Chance Property in 1987. At the time it was reported that Kidd Creek Mines, Limited had obtained a 10 year option on the Chance Property in 1983. Exploration work that was achieved had resulted in over 13,000 additional feet of diamond drilling at a cost of $400,000. In addition to this it was stated by the company that the total drill footage that was completed on the Chance Property had resulted in 42,400 feet at a cost in excess of $1.2 million.Within 1987, it was also reported that agreements were made to option three additional groups located three miles southwest of the Kidd Creek Mine. During this time Falconbridge Mines, Limited had also carried out further explorations phases which resulted in EM, and Magnetic Surveys. Some more drilling was also being planned as the company wanted to test some of the geological structures in the area for Satellite Ore-Bodies. Falconbridge Mines, Limited would end up making some more changes again when the options were exercised to purchase a100% interest in one group of claims, 7,500 feet northwest of the Kidd Creek Mine, for $200,000.
1988 - Falconbridge Mines, Limited.
Mining operations at the Kidd Creek Mine had continued to achieve high production rates, and far more development became establish. The estimated production within 1988, was predicted at 4,241,000 tonnes of ore in which 3,229,000 tonnes was taken from the No, 1 Mine, and 1,012,000 tonnes from the No. 2 Mine. Milling which was completed during this time period of operating had rather amounted to 4,300,000 tonnes of ore that also included the already mined surface stockpile ore. Further assaying of the ore had resulted in average grades of 71 g/t silver (Ag), 2.99% Copper (Cu), 5.99% Zinc (Zn), and 0.16% Lead (Pd). The Kidd Creek Copper Concentrator, and smelter was also in operation during this time period when the company had refined 10,000 tonnes of Copper (Cu) that was taken from the Strathcona Copper-Nickel Project in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Lateral development during this time period of operating the No. 1 Mine had amounted to 3,380 m which was achieved in 1988. It was also during this time period of operating when the No. 1 Mine shaft had reach a bottom of 2,500 feet and two stope sections were left to be mined. During 1988, it was also stated that a total of 29 stopes were mined in the No. 1 Mine, which resulted in 10 to 12 stope sections being operated at one time.
Development during this time period of operating had also taken place at the No. 2 Mine Project within the operating year of 1988. Further exploratory drilling was being commenced when a total length of 10,000 m of drilling became completed from underground, which was mainly done on the 4,600 foot level. Most of this diamond drilling program was reported to have been confined to further exploring the satellite ore-bodies within favorable geology areas. The total diamond drilling completed had comprised of 30,500 m of drilling in which the remainder was considered to have been done to delineate, and define the ore by drilling from the 4,600 foot level to the 7,000 foot level. At the time it was also stated that this diamond drilling program was also aimed at recalculating the ore reserves, and to included the reserves below the 4,600 foot level. By the end of 1988, it was also reported by Falconbridge Mines, Ltd, that the proven and probable ore reserves down to the 5,000 foot level had amounted to 50,600,000 tonnes of ore, with an average grade of 3.55% Copper (Cu), 5.11% zinc (Zn), 0.16% Lead (Pd), and 62 g/t silver (Ag) per tonne.Ore reserves within this time period of operating were rather reported to have been equivalent to about 17 years of mine life from the Kidd Creek Mine Site. Other plans at the time were being made towards developing and sinking the Internal No. 3 Shaft in order to provide accesses to the ore-body body on the 7,000 foot level. The Bottom level of the No. 2 Mine shaft had bottomed out at the 4,600 foot level. and 1 stope had remained active at the end of 1988. The Kidd Creek Mine at this time was well progressing when 16 stopes were active within the No. 2 Mine, and the company operated between 5 to 6 stopes at one time. Some more changes were also made when Falconbridge Mines, Limited had started using 50 ton trucks for hauling the ore from the 4,600 to 4,400 foot level ore-pass. At the time it was also stated that the company wanted to prevent ventilation problems, so it ended up getting rid of dieseled powered trucks.
It was also at this point in time when Falconbridge Mines, Limited had continued to its geological evaluation program that was owned by Chance Mining and Exploration. By this time the company had also purchase the White Star Property which was originally purchase by White Star Copper Mines from Sheridan Geophysics, Other agreements during this time were made towards negotiating further exploration programs as a joint venture. This would entitle the junior base mining company to take control of explorations by conducting deep diamond drilling programs. Most of this was done in order to conduct a regional search for satellite ore-bodies around the Kidd Creek Mine. Drilling that was undertaken on the mine site had resulted in 8 holes, totalling 3,500 m in total length. Most of the diamond drilling program was aimed at conducting a follow up on the recent down-the-hole geophysical survey. Prior to this Falconbridge Mines would also move their own rig to the western edge of the White Star Property. These claims were rather known to have been located near the Chance Property which was once owned by Chance Mining and Exploration till it was purchase by Falconbridge Mines for a 10% smelter royalty..
1990- Falconbridge Mines, Limited
Production during this time period to the end of 1990, had rather amounted to 3.7 million tonnes of ore from the No. 1 and 2 Mines. Further statements from the company had also stated that the ore-body at Kidd Creek was diminishing in width with increasing depth, and consequently the mine output was slightly failing.The estimated average grading within 1990, was reported to have assayed 3.23% Copper (Cu), 4.85% Zinc (Zn), 0.16% Lead (Pd), and 56 g/t silver per tonne. Almost 75% of all production which was taken from the Kidd Creek Mine had mainly came from the No. 2 Mine Shaft. Other statements from the company had stated that the bottom of the shaft had reach the 2,500 foot level of the Kidd Creek No. 1 Mine. For the most part it was also stated that a number of long hole stopes were being place into production which ended up totalling 15 to 20 stopes. Most of the bulk tonnage that came from the No. 1 Mine was taken from between the 1,600 and the 2,500 foot level. Lateral development which was achieved on the No. 1 Mine had ended up totalling 3,260 m, and vertical development totaled 2,540 m.
Prior to this the company had also continued to operate the No. 2 Mine Project within the operating year of 1990. By this time the No. 2 Mine had rather supplied 25% of all the production that was achieved. It was also stated that the bottom level of the No. 2 Mine at the time was commonly known to have bottomed out on the 4,600 foot level. Production at the time was also being confined to levels between the 3,200 and 4,600 foot levels of the No. 2 Mine Project. A total of four stopes were commonly reported to have been in continuous operation at one time during this time period of extracting the rich sulphide ore. Lateral development which was completed on the No. 2 Mine had ended up totalling 2,820 m and vertical development amounted to 2,340 m. Falconbridge Mines would also continue to expand the Kidd Creek Mine when the Internal No. 3 Shaft was being collared on the 4,600 foot level of the No. 2 Mine. Sinking of the Internal No. 3 Shaft had well progressed when it was officially reaching a depth of 230 m below the 4,600 foot level. Other statements from the company had also reported that the shaft was presently being sunk to a depth of 6,922 feet below the surface. This sinking phase had also resulted in driving a ramp for a total length of 2,433 m which was mostly done between the 4,800, and the 4,900 foot levels. Ore production from the No. 3 Internal Mine had also been planned to meet productivity within the beginning of 1992 with mining of 60,000 tonnes of ore. A. Some more statements from Falconbridge Mines had also stated that the proven and probable ore-reserves within the Kidd Creek Mine were indicated at 44.6 million tonnes. Much of the average ore grade during this time period of operating had also assayed 3.53% Copper (Cu), 5.08% Zinc (Zn), 0.16% Lead (Pd), and 67 g/t silver (Ag)
Diamond drilling that was completed during this time period had amounted to 25,000 m of underground, and surface drilling. A total of 7,000 m was also reported to have been known as exploratory drilling which resulted in drilling 25 holes. Most of this drilling program was done from the 4,600 foot level in order to define the known ore-body at depth, and to explore for further zones. By this time the company would also completed underground delineate drilling that would end up totalling 5,500 m, which had average 150 m in total length. As drilling continued it was also stated that surface exploratory drilling had totalled 10,438 m from 9 holes completed. For the most part these were considered as deep holes that became accomplish by directional drilling from 3 set ups. This drilling program had consisted of three holes that were collared between 500 m to 600 m in the original drill holes completed Most of this diamond drilling program was reported to have been done along favorable stratigraphic horizons, but no mineralization was intersected. ..
Explorations at the time had also continued at the Chance Property which resulted in 3,000 m of surface drilling. During 1990, drilling had rather amounted to 13,000 m. For the most part Falconbridge Mines, Ltd. had purchase the Chance property with a 10% Smelter royalty going the the Chance Mining and Exploration Company. The company at this point in time had already completed 70,000 m of drilling at a cost of $2.5 million. This exploratory work had outlined a deep sulphide deposit at a depth of 2,000 ft, which so far contained an ore reserve indication of 250,000 tonnes. Much of the head-grading that was completed had rather assayed 12% Zinc (Zn), 4% Lead (Pd), and 6.5 oz. of silver (Ag) per ton.
Falconbridge Mines had also prepared themselves financially when the company was prepared to spend 640 million to expand its Kidd Creek Mine Project. It was also stated that this project would end up creating the worlds deepest base metal mine. The hole entire project had involved the sinking of a new shaft to 3,100 m or 3.1 kilometers beneath the surface. Other statements made by Falconbridge Mines had stated that the proposed depth would be five times the height of Toronto's CN. Further reports on the mine had stated that the new Internal No. 3 Shaft would be a kilometer away from the existing mine shaft. Other company statements had reported that the new internal winze shaft would allow the company to extend it mine life for another 20 years. Without this expansion it was strongly suggest that the mine would have a life of 10 more years as the ore-body slowly became exhausted without this expansion. The first stage of the mine development below the 4,600 foot level was also predicted to contain 15.7 million tonnes, grading 2.82% copper (Cu), 5.74% zinc (Zn), 0.16% Lead (Pd), and 58 g/t silver per ton.
to be continued