Gold was discovered on Lot. 25, within Concession V, of Madoc Township, and would become known as the St Joe Gold Mine. The main vein here is known to strike east-west, and a shaft at one point in time had reach a depth of 30 feet on the vein. Further prospecting had also taken place when an open-cut was put down on the vein and some 300 tonnes of ore became mined. Assays which were taken in 1898, had ranged from $2 to $60 in gold per tonne of ore that was mined.
During 1900, the Katherine Lead-Zinc Mine was being place into full production by The British Colonial Mining, and Development Company. Some of the main officials who became employed by the company were Mr. Charles L. Meyer, with Mr. Freeman J. Daniels as Superintendent. The company was also under direction by Charles L. and Leopold Meyer, Col. Charles E. Turner, and Mr. E. S. Leetham of Ottawa, and Hon J. McMillan.
Geological Examinations at the time were being done in which the ore was mainly arengtiferous galena and zincblende in calcite. It also had an average grade of 10 ounces of Ag per tonne of ore that would be mined from this location. It rather lies between walls of diorite, with a width varying from one to four feet, and a known longitude extension of half a mile. Exploratory work during that year was confined to diamond drill borings to a depth of 292 feet, and by a two compartment shaft to a depth of 125 feet. The shaft for a depth of 50 feet is entirely vertical and then inclines east 060 degrees from that point onward. Development was also taking place on the 100-foot level when a drift was driven north 100 feet, and had its own stope section that was 30 feet in height, and and50 feet long. Hoisting in one of the compartments was done with a 25 h.p hoisting engine , taking steam from a 40 h.p boiler. A shaft house would also be constructed, and was known for reaching a height of 50 feet.
Prospecting the land further would not stop here when another shaft was sunk to a depth of 18 feet at distance of 1.2mile South, and became known as the South Shaft. Much of the vein within this section was also less mineralized then that found in the North Shaft or Main Shaft. The vein within this section of the land was known for averaging 9 feet in width, and had 6 ore-bearing streaks, containing galena, but no zinc.
Surface building would also be erected when the boiler house was adjacent to the shaft house, which was once 60 feet by 25 feet. Other surface buildings at the time had consisted of a blacksmith shop, a boarding camp, and an office/stables.
Another prospector/developer by the name of George Reelman of Detroit, Michigan had commence mining at small scale. Most of the work was done at 1 and 1/2 miles north of Bannockburn on what was known as the Katherine Lead-Zinc Mine. A new shaft was in preporation of being sunk, in which achieved a depth of 23 feet below the surface. Much of the work on the Katherine Lead-Zinc Mine was aimed at cutting a level as a drift was driven for a length of 70 feet. It was also at this point in time when the strike was south 055 degrees east magnetic and a dip of 070 degrees northeast. Much of the country rock is a hard. blueish quartzite, with the vein having an average width in the trench of about 4 inches, interesting in place of 7 inches. The gauge is mainly made up of calcite and barite, in which shows good crustification. Other accessories of the vein are known to mainly be made up of galena that occurs in bunches and seam. An average price for lead at the time was estimated to have been increased to 9.207 cents, in which was needed for storage battery, cable and paint manufactures. Most of this high demand was done because new industries were being made for lead such as radio, automobile, and other machinery in 1925.
Katherine Lead Mines, Limited was rather incorporated on February, 5, 1937, with an authorized capitalization of 1,500,000 shares of $1 par value. This company would be the next to operate the Katherine Lead-Zinc Mine within Lake Township, Hasting County, Ontario, Canada, and was 3 miles northeast of Millbridge. Mining in 1937, was done at a small scale as the mine opened up in April, and ceased operation in December, 31, 1937. Some construction had also taken place when a new camp and plant building and the framework of a small concentrator was erected. Installations would also be made when a 7 by 10 -inch air hoist, and Diesel Driven Air Compressor was installed. The main shaft that was developed in 1900, was reconditioned and a small scale of underground work was done. A total of 5 tonnes of lead ore was also shipped during this time period of operating the Katherine Lead-Zinc Mine. Most of the shipments of lead had came from improving markets as Lead became a higher commodity then that of zinc.
The remains of this mine are old concrete foundation that exist in the vicinity of the water filled shaft, which are mainly parts of the old head frames, and hoisting facilities. An open stope is also less than 30 m south of the shaft that measures approximately 3m by 3m and is also flooded. Much of the trenches are also filled with debris and offer no exposure to mineralization. The vein that was being worked had rather range from ,3 m to 1.3 m, and the vein was traced along its NNW strike for a length of more than 800 m. Samples of the ore exist in small, overgrown rock piles near the shaft collar.
Lake Township is rather entirely within the Hastings Basin Structural Subdivision of the Grenville Province of the Canadian Shield. Some of the oldest rocks are metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic units belonging to the Lake Subgroup. This subgroup is also further divided by Laakso into the Oak Lake Formation, The Oak Lake Formation is predominant in the west and northwest parts of Lake Township, and consists of amphibolite grade schists and gneisses. The Vansickle Formation occurs through the central, and southeastern parts of the township, and includes a variety of rock types such as marble, amphibolitic marble, clastic sediments and volcanics. it may also be the host rock for the Katherine Lead Zinc Mineralization . The Big Burnt Lake Formation is predominantly composed of basic metavolcanics with minor interrelated didactic rocks, and clastic chemical sediments.
Bannuckburn Pyrite Mine - Jarman Pyrite Mine (1901-1907) -Mundic Mine 1918-1919. - Known as the Bannuckburn Pyrite Mine.
The Jarman Pyrite Mine was first discovered in Madoc Township, Hasting County, which was located one quarter of a mile from the Central Ontario Railway siding, and one mile south-east of Bannuckburn Station. The property at the time was also place under the ownership of Rio Myra Company of Madoc in 1901. During this time some interest in the property was favor by the General Chemical Company of Buffalo, and the Nicholls Chemical Company of New York.
Development during the operating year of 1901, was continously progressing for over a year an a half on the deposit of iron-pyrites. Even large scale mining was continuing as shipments of 600 tonnes were being made to the chemical works in New York and Buffalo. Much of the ore that was produce had become used for the manufacturing of sulphuric acid. Returns that were taken from the consignments had also shown that the ore had assayed from 46% to 48% sulphur. Some of the waste dumps were also evidently known to have produce some of the cleanest ore with high value.
During 1901, the main open pit had a width of 38 feet, with a depth of 84 feet, and a length of 85 feet at the top which narrow down to 50 feet. The dip of the pit was also designed to be 055 degrees north with a smooth, clean footwall, while the hanging wall was very dangerous. Most of the danger within the hanging wall had came from the soft chloritic schist that was badly fissured, and loosened into immense slabs. Mining that was done had also occur during the winter season when dangerous masses of ice had accumulated on the upper portions of the open pit. At the face of the footwall there was also an insecured and uneven pole skid way clung and up this a battered kibble was hoisted by hemp rope, single pulley block and a team of horses. Other dangers had also rise when an uneven ladder way posted an unsafe traveling roading from the open pit. This mining operation was infact deemed very unsafe for the time being as instructions were given to either shut down mining operations or to begin the work of scaling the walls. This had also included installing a proper ladder-way and skid road and a hoisting engine with a brake and steel rope, and to also improve the working conditions of the open pit. During this time period, it was also mention by the legislative safey inspector to abandoned the open pit, and mine the ore entirely from underground.
Another part of the Jarman Iron-Pyrite property was also being developed by a shaft at a distance of 600 feet south of the open pit. A depth at the time had reach 98 feet, which was also measured to be 7 feet by 12 feet in size, and had an inclination of 085 degrees at the top and flattening to 076 degrees at the bottom. Lateral development was focus on the first level at a depth of 76 feet by drifting 5 feet to the north and 5 feet to the south. The shaft at the time was also timbered with a short collar, and occasion stulls had become added to this that were held up by pole skids. Much of the ladders from the working had also hung in a continous insecured string to the bottom, with no portion between the hoist and ladder compartments. Hoisting was done by an engine consisting of a wooden horse whim with a 7-foot drum, and no brakes, with the bucket being attach by hemp rope. Machine drillers were also in use at both operations, and were run by steam from a portable 17 H.P boiler at the big pit, and from two similar boilers of a combined 24 H.P at the shaft workings. Production that was achieved in 1901, had amounted to a total of 7,000 tonnes of iron-pyrite worth $17,500.
Mining operations during 1902, were confined to the shaft operation as open-pit mining was completely abandoned. A considerable amount of ore had also been raise out of the open pit, and an 18-foot shaft was sunk at the bottom closest to the footwall. From the bottom of this newly developed shaft, crosscuts were driven north 45 feet, west 35 feet, and east 40 feet.Exploratory work that was conducted from development had shown pyrite but was to lean to pay for mining operations.
The shaft at the time had also reach a total depth of 135 feet, which was completely vertical. Development was than confined to the first level when the north drift was driven to 183 feet, and had crosscuts from the face west at 16 feet, and east 10 feet in length. A second level at the time was also cut on the 113-foot horizon, and was opened up with a north drift for 148 feet which had a stope section of 65 feet in a stope that was 26 feet long by 9 feet high, and 6 feet wide. A south drift was also driven for a length of 138 feet, and was developed for 100 feet in stope that was 14 feet long, 6 feet high, and 8 feet wide. Another stope was also developed at 125 feet which was 9 feet long by 4 feet high, ad 6 feet wide.
Other development was aimed at constructing a new skip-road down to the second level, and became fitted with back timbers and a ladder way was installed to the bottom. At the second level station it was also noted that a hoist became installed to continue sinking the shaft with a bucket. Construction was also followed when a new surface plant was completed and had consisted of a power house that had two 100 h.p return boilers, an ingersoll air compressor with a 6 drill capacity, and a duplex cylinder, 5-foot drum hoist engine. This was rather in operation as it had operated the skip by 1-inch steel rope, and a solid shaft house that was 53 feet high The skip that was operated had mainly dumped the rock of a set of grizzlies for classification into three sizes, via coarse, middling, and fines for separate shipment.. Another name change was also made when the company incorporated it self into the Madoc Mining Company. Production that was achieved during 1902, had amounted to 4,371 tonnes of iron-pyrite worth a value of $14,993.
No changes were made towards production during 1903, but the No. 1 shaft that was 600 feet away from the pit had reached a depth of 175 feet. The property owner at the time was also known as Nichols who owned the Nickols Chemical Company of New York, United States. At one point in time, this pyrite deposit was actually first opened up as a gold prospect, and a small plant was installed but the value of the ore was deemed high in sulphur, which change mining operations. Mr. Rising at the time had also succeeded Mr. Jarman as superintendent of both these properties. Three levels from the 175-foot shaft were additionally developed, and had become cut and stationed on the mines 64, 113, and 175-foot horizons. Lateral development continued onward as the 64-foot level was now opened up by 150 feet of drifting to the north, and 180 feet to the south. A second level at 113 feet, was also continued when 148 feet of drifting was done to the north, and 138 feet to the south. Some additional lateral development had also continued on the newly establish 175 foot level that was opened up by 105 feet of drifting to the north, and 105 feet of drifting to the south. Ore shipments during the winter months had also become delayed by railway blockades at the time. One of the largest producers of iron-pyrites at the time was the Jarman Pyrite Mine within 1903. Much of the surface appearance when the first mining operations were started had appeared to be a bed of bog iron ore. As development continued it was found that the bog ore was succeeded by pyrite, which suggested that the upper layer was due to altercations. A total of 7469 tonnes of iron pyrites was also shipped during that time period, in which it had valued $21,693 in total.
Another name change was made in 1905, when the Madoc Mining Company became succeeded by the American Madoc Mining Company. Development at the time had continued below the third level at 175 feet, which it was continued 55 feet below that point. A drift at the time was also driven northward under the pillar which forms the third level floor at a distance of 175 feet and a raise was put through to the third level. It was during this time when 30 feet of the floor was completely stoped out by overhand stoping, and another 25-foot stope was being place into production. No further production was being achieved as the lease was allowed to lapse, and the Jarman Pyrite Mine had closed, as the company focus on working the Hungerford Pyrite Mine in 1906.
Geology of the Jarman Pyrite Mine
At the time, an examination on the geological features was also not possible, but the bodies of pyrite were both bedded lenses or chimneys and in veins that were in a formation of light color chloritic schist. The vein of pyrite within the shaft area was also notice to have ran north and south at right angles to the east and west strike of the lens in the open pit, and was between 10 to 20 feet wide. Ore within both workings is rather a granular pyrite, which contains quartz and stringers that are disseminated with considerable uniformity. Underground development had showed that the vein was rather lenticular in character with usual well defined walls of soft schist, The ore-body below the third level had rather dipped to the north, and would leave the shaft area, in which would intersect the south wall at the present depth. During that year, a dam and reservoir was designed for catching all the water that came from the third level, and a large Cameron Pump was installed.
Additional opening at the time of first commencing mining operations were opened up on a gossan zone that was 8 to 15 feet thick. The gossan runs over 38% iron, in which the pyrite occurs as bedded lenses in grey green chloride schist striking east-west and dipping 055 degrees N. Soft chlorite schist rather forms the hanging wall of the pit, and led to dangerous mining conditions which caused the pit to be abandoned. A second pyrite ore-body was later located 600 feet south of the main open pit, and a shaft was sun on this pyrite lens which 160 feet long, and 8 to 15 feet wide. Another lens known as the south is enclosing a chloride schist that roughly strikes west of north. A folded structures also appears between the two pyrite deposits which is probably an anticline pitching southwest. The ore-body never fell in depth or even grade as it had still continued onward before being closed
Much of the country rock is rather made up of the Grenville Marble, and soft chlorite schist. The pyrite is also fine grained, granular, which occurs in association with the schist. A minor amount of outcroping is also observed in vicinit of the former mining operation, and are to the west of an area of low swampy ground.
Lead mines with the vicinity of Bannockburn are rather quite promising, in which more or less prospecting for this resource had been done. Veining within the area is described to be well defined, in which are usually associated with galena, and gauge calcite. Much of the galena in the area is described to be non-argentiferous or partly so. A few years ago, before the discovery of Hollandia, a lead furnace was also erected at Bannockburn, but no indications were give if any lead became smelted. It was in 1898, when the Hollandia would rapidly become a mining operation as it was no prospect when 20 tonnes of cobbed ore had already been sacked. Most of the shipments that were taken from this mine had been shipped to commercial markets in Belgium. The Hollandia Lead Mine was located on lot. A, sixth concession of Madoc Township, and was first operated by Leopold Meyer of Angles Camp, California, and R. C. Van Der Meulen of Aix La Chappelle, Belgium. It was during 1898, when the two had employed G. R Major, and William Prudhomme as foremans. They would also hire on five boys as cobbers who had ranged in age from 12 to 15 years old.
Work at the time was mainly concentrated on developing a large open pit that was 9 feet by 24 feet, and 15 feet deep. This also resulted in sinking several pits on the property with open cut operations being place under further development. Hoisting within the Hollandia Lead Mine was being done by a Derrick with the use of buckets at the time. Intentions were also made towards sinking a shaft that would be developed at the bottom of this pit, and to also install a modern hoisting plant. Rock blasting that was done became achieved by electricity, and a powder magazine was then installed at a distance of 500 feet from the Open-Pit. Much of the vein that these two were following was also 30 inches wide, with a strike of S 040 degrees e, and the dip was undetermined. Ore within the Hollandia was a mixture of galena in calcite, in which had carried small quantities of copper, and iron pyrites.
Within the operating year of 1905, the Hollandia Lead Mine was in full swing as it was being dewatered by the Stanley Smelting Company. Development and production stages were shortly resumed once again as the company had planned to place this mine into production. Most of this was done under acquisition agreements by the Stanley Smelting Company and the Ontario Mining, and Smelting Company. The No. 1 Shaft at the time had been additionally sunken to a depth of 100 feet where 50 feet of drifting was done to the east, and west of the shaft. Another shaft known as the No. 3 Shaft was located at a distance of 250 feet west of the No. 1 Shaft, which was put down to 45 feet. Development was also focus on the No. 4 Shaft that was situated 250 feet west of the No. 3 Shaft, and had been sunk to a depth of 35 feet. Even further development would escalate when a new lift pump that was operated by a working beam and engine was installed in 1904.
As development slowly progressed the company would also install the much need concentrating plant which was operated by the use of jigs. This had eliminated the use of tables for the final separation process of the concentrate. A considerable amount of ore would also be concentrated at the mill from the Hollandia Lead Mine in which had become shipped to the smelter in Bannockburn, Ontario, Canada.
Far more development was being achieved in 1905, when the smelting works was constructed in Bannockburn, Ontario, Canada. The newly developed smelter by the Stanley Smelting Company was in full production continuously within the operating year of 1905. This newly developed smelter at the time was also situated in Bannockburn at the junction of the Central Ontario Railway, and the Bay of Quinte Railway. The lead smelter was mainly designed to be a water jacked lead furnace of about 20-ton capacity per day of concentrate from the Hollandia Lead Mine. Within that year, the Ontario Smelting, and Mining Company was the only lead producer within Ontario, in which the Hollandia Lead Mine produce a sufficient amount of ore. Total concentrate that was produced by the mine would end up consisting of 179 tonnes of concentrate with an average grade of 82% Lead.
During 1906, the Hollandia Lead Mine became taken over by Stanley Smelting Work, and was being operated by them. The main No. 1 Shaft at the time had also remained the same as it was only put down to 100-feet at the time. Development that was completed had consisted of opening up the 100-foot horizon by 150-feet of drifting that was done to the east on the vein, and 75-feet to the west. A raise at the time was also being put through from the East Drift to connect with the No. 2 Shaft which is about 100 feet east of the No. 1 Vein. Other development was focus on a concentrating mill at the time that was place into operation but was not operated during this time period, in which no stoping was done yet. A drill straight line air compressor and a 100 h.p boiler had been installed. Several mines at the time were also operated by the Stanley Smelting works with in that year. Production of pig lead rather became so extensive for that year when 1,100 tonnes of ore was being extracted. Total production from the mines ended up being 1,950 tons of ore that was raised, and the smelter would process 1,600 tonnes, in which the pig product had a value of $93,500. Much of the smelting capacity at the time was being operated at about 7 tonnes of pig lead per day.
It was also during this time period when the Stanley Smelting Works was not in operation for the last six months. Much of the mine was undergoing movement of their smelting works to the city of Kingston, in which they had been granted certain concessions. Another mine was also acquired by the company went if focus its mining operation on the Frontenac Lead Mine at the time. No other development would take place on this mine till the operating year of 1916. Production during this time period had amounted to a total of 2,653,365 pounds of lead was produced from 1905 to 1906, which became reopened in 1916.
Geology of the Hollandia Lead Mine of Madoc Township, Hasting County, Ontario, Canada
The deposit at the Hollandia Lead Mine is a highly siliceous phyllite-fine grained quartz schist, which was originally a argillaceous sandstone. Much of the vein are primarily galena, and calcite which are accompanied by some sphalerite and marcasite. Quartz within this formation are quite abundant just like the silicate minerals. Most the absence of igneous rocks are also known to be indications of water, and mineral deposition by the adjoining sediments.
Galena with little sphalerite also occurs in a calcite vein along a fault fissure, with the average width of the vein being 4 feet with a maximum of 10 feet. This vein has rather been traced for a long distance and had been developed for more than 400 feet by mine workings. Grading of this lead deposit is anywhere between 1 to 12% Pb.
The country rocks are rusty paragneiss and schist which strikes N. 040 degrees W, and dips vertically. Galena is rather associated with calcite veining that has a strike of N 040 degrees W and dips vertically or steeply north-east. Ore is mainly known to chiefly occur as galena, with minor amounts of sphalerite, and pyrite, in which one section also has copper. The Gauge within the Hollandia are considered to be mainly calcite with minor amounts of barite A high-grade pocket of ore was commonly produced from the upper 20 to 40 feet of the vein. Sampling along the drift section of the No. 1 Shaft was reported to have also given off anywhere between 1 to 12% lead.
A mixture of calcite-barite-galena veins strongly occur in the precambrain limestone sediments of southeastern Ontario, Canada. The economics of lead veins in the Bannockburn are rather known to exist due to the high-grade results from previous assays. Some of the reasons in believing this is due to the fact that prevalence of lead occurs in the area, the opportunity to use modern techniques and equipment, and the economical possibility of associated silver exists. The most recent exploration work was done by Tech Exploration, who had conducted a limited amount of diamond drilling in 1956. During the geological examination the Hollandia Vein was traced for quite a distance. Minealization in the area rather changes in contact as its followed downwards from lead, to zinc, and copper associations. A strong fault with fractures is also associated with the Gawley Creek Granites cupola, near Bannockburn.
Smith Mica Mine 1904 - Silver Queen Mine - 1910
It was within 1903, when a large number of phosphate properties were purchase by the Dominion Development, and Improvement Mining Company of New York, United States. Work at the time was mainly confined to Lot. 13, sixth Concession of North Burgess Township, Ontario, Canada. Much of the work at the time was mainly confined to test pitting an apatite vein for the production of Phosphate. During 1903, a shaft that was 25 feet square was rather sunk, and the much needed building were constructed. It was also at this point in time when a camp was also build, and preparations were made for the production of a large tonnage of ore.
In 1906, the Dominion Development, and Improvement Company had rather named this project the Smith Mine. It was originally opened up for apatite, but when a pit was sunk to a depth of 25 feet on the vein, Mica crystals were uncovered throughout the Apatite. Much of the apatite is rather soft, and granular, in which had given the mica a favorable matrix, and had crystallized freely. According to reports the vein in some place was up to 10 feet wide, consisting of apatite, calcite, and mica. It was also reported that the dip has an angle of 050 degrees to the horizontal. On the side of the vein is a mica pyroxene schist, and was a few feet in thickness, in which turn, cuts through the granite gneiss. A belt of mica pyroxene schist was also traced for some distance along the surface, where at different places a little mica had been taken out. Other associations with the pyroxene rock and the mica veins are also marked over the whole mica area.
Production during 1907, was mainly aimed at mining the mica, and apatite as the mine was still being worked by the Dominion Development, and Improvement Company. As mining continued during 1907, a pit was further extended to a depth of 65 feet as it was aimed at following the mica. The first 25 feet of the pit was considered to have been vertical, from which point has a dip to the west at 045 degrees. At the time, no uniform system of development was followed, in which the mica had occurred through the apatite and calcite so irregularly that the workings had merely followed the pockets.Much of the workings at the bottom of this pit had rather measured 25 feet in length by 12 feet in width.It was also at about 50 feet from the surface where the mica was being followed to the north at a distance of 30 feet from the main pit. Power at the time was rather being supplied by a boiler that had operated the drills, and hoisting system.
As mining operations became ceased by the Dominion Development, and Improvement Company, the property was taken over by Edward Smith. In addition to taking over this property, the prospector had rather renamed this operation as it was now known as the Silver Queen Mine Site. At the time, Mr. Smith had rather decided to close the mine site as he was facing some legal troubles that became resolved shortly after. Within this time period, Mr. Smith had rather reopened the mining project on November 1910, and had continuously work it. No additional work was done on the main workings as the surrounding area was being prospect at the time. This had also resulted in blasting, and sinking another pit that had soon reached a depth of 30 feet, and stoping was than commenced. Most of the legal actions were mainly against the Dominion Development, and Improvement Company, as the prospector wanted to change operations to Feldspar mining. Not only was Mr. Edward Smith the Manager of the company, but he was also the rightful owner of this project.
During 1911, Mr. Edward Smith would continued to explore the are further as he was more interested in feldspar production. This would result in abandoning the original workings as several pits were being blasted, and had reach a depth of 30 feet on different part of the property. It was also at this point in time when a minor amount of feldspar was uncovered within these pits, and shipped
Most of the mine is on the side of a small ridge of contorted garnet gneiss in contact with a white pegmatite and parallel to a limestone band. Both limestone and pegmatite are remarkable because of
the fact that they liberate hydrogen sulphide when crushed. The limestone is unusually coarse grained, bluish in color, and the pegmatite is of a pure white with druses showing good crystals of feldspar. Calcite, sphene and pyroxene can also be observed in the Pegmatite. The Mine has been worked primarily for apatite, which occurs associated with pink calcite and pblogopite. Apatite crystals are also found as minor constituents in the adjacent pegmatite. In mineable quantity, apatiteis restricted to an
are around the shaft, and mica pits have been worked more to the east The at the time mine was equipped with a boiler, boarding house, etc..
The deposits occur in irregular shapes with a tendency toward elongated, lenticular shapes, at the most ten feet wide. There is a preferred concordant relation to the enclosing rocks, but cross-cutting is common. The deposits may be asymmetrical in composition but in places show a banding or what might be a kind of crustification. In such cases, the walls are lined with pyroxene crystals, which in turn may be covered by mica books, and finally apatite in a pink calcite matrix grades into pure pink calcite in the center. Some deposits are devoid of apatite or of mica. But apatite, mica, pyroxene and pink calcite are the common association. The pyroxene crystals lining the walls show up very well in places where adjacent calcite has been dissolved. The crystals of mica and apatite range from fine to sizes of about 8 inches. Phlogopite show• at many places a very good asterism.
Other minerals observed within the deposits include hornblende, microcline, Scapolite, pyrite, marcasite. When limestone is the host rock, the mineralogy is slightly different: serpentine, zircon, hematite, a brown pyroxene, tourmaline, actinolite are found and apatite is practically absent. A remarkable feature of almost all mica-apatite deposits is the presence of small drusy cavities less than six inches across, lined with crystals of calcite, quartz, barite and pyroxene. At places, the apatite crystals have a glassy, uneven surface, as if the crystals had been partially fused. The walls, in some cases show alteration but are commonly very sharp. Where the country rock is a gneiss, it commonly grades into a biotite schist near the vein and then merges into the vein material. Some of the exposed walls in worked out pits show striations, but well polished and even grooved surfaces are more common. Most of the grooves have a low dip (15°). Though some of these features might conceivably be due to glacial action, others must have been produced by another process as they can be seen deep in the pits in places inaccessible to the glaciers. This was observed frequently enough to be called a characteristic of those deposits and is possibly the result of polishing from vein material.
Cavendish Uranium, Mine Prospect - Closing ore reserves at 1,221,803 tonnes of 0.08% uranium per tonne.
Cavendish Uranium, Mine Prospect - Closing ore reserves at 1,221,803 tonnes of 0.08% uranium per tonne.
President and Directors of the company________________________________________________
Frank Danielson (President)
S. A Salomone (Vice President and Secretary)
L. J Kowal (Treasurer)
The Cavendish Uranium Mine was rather a prospect area for uranium occurrences of the 1950's. By 1954, the Cavendish Uranium, and Mining Company, Limited was rather a wholly owned subsidiary company of the Cavendish Uranium Mines, Corporation of New York U.S.A. Much of property at the time had comprised of 55 claims within the southern part of Cavendish Township, Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada. At first the property that was owned by the company would consist of 19 claims in to groups, in which included the northern portion. Drilling at the time was rather undertaken in which consisted of 45 surfaces holes , totalling 17,438 feet in length. A total of 9 surfaces holes from this estimation was put down on the North Showing that totalled 4,321 with disappointing results.Drilling that was done on the south or main showing had also showed unsatisfactory results, but latter showings indicated mining widths, and lengths of 600 feet, containing 0.08% uranium per tonne
During 1955, a vertical two compartment shaft known as the No. 1 was sunken to a depth of 88 feet on historical claim E.O.74092. From this point on a level was also cut and stationed on the mines 70-foot section, and 227 feet of drifting, and 371 feet of crosscutting was done. Other major development had also followed suit when an office, warehouse, hoist house, dry house, machine shop, a two bunk house, and cook house were constructed. Hoisting from the property at the time had also amounted to 953 tonnes of ore that was taken from this location. Exploratory work had also followed suit when diamond drilling had amounted to 24 surface holes totalling 9,600 feet in length.
A large amount of drifting was also undertaken at this time that resulted in extending the 70-foot level by 650 feet of drifting, 40 feet of crosscutting, and 75 feet of raising. Lateral development to the end of 1956, had now amounted to a total of 800 feet of drifting, 400 feet of crosscutting, and 75 feet of raising. Underground drilling at the time had rather amounted to 42 underground holes, totalling 5,010 feet in length. Prior to underground drilling, surface drilling at the time had also consisted of 51 surface holes, totalling 17,907 feet in length.A small trenching phase was also done by the use of blast camps that had a length of 400 feet, and a depth of 2 feet. With the mining operation shaping out the company would receive a letter of intent from the Eldorado Mining, and Refining Company, Limited, to purchase uranium precipitates. Additional drilling, and underground lateral development had indicated three ore shoots on the 70-foot level. Drilling that was done in an area that's 400 feet, wide, and 1,100 feet long northwest and south east of the shaft had cut ore-grade sections. At the time, it was also stated by the company that these sections were rather correlated into several gently dipping zones. One of the largest zones which was uncovered at the time was rather found below the 70-foot level to the west.Reserves that were estimated by the company at the time had rather amounted to1,221,803 tonnes of 0.08% grading uranium. Most of the calculation at the time was achieved by upgrading all diamond drill core assays by a factor of 40%. The underground workings are known to also extended through the granite structural formation. Granite that occurs within the workings is known to be a pink to brick red leucogranite or leucogranite pegmatite.Grain sizes are known for ranging from fine, through medium, to coarse grained. A large portion of this property is also associated with feldspar, which has graphic crystals that reach 1 foot inn size at different places. According to reports the west ore-shoot is known for containing a number of chloride coated fractures that strike north or slightly east and west of north. Dissemination of magnetite associates are also present within these fractures. Much of the southeastern part of these workings is known to host a number of brecciated zones or faults. Rocks of the ore shoots were reported to have been leucogranite with rarely, some biotite. These are fairly uniform in grain sizes, which are redder in color than the non-ore sections, and shows minor to pronounced fracturing and contains disseminated magnetite or bands of magnetite.
Compared to the north showing, the South of Main showing is rather situated on Lot. 15 and 15, concession VII, of Peterborough County. This showing is rather located on a ridge of pink leucogranite or leucogranite pegmatite. At the time, this showing was also being explored by blasting four shallow pits in 1954, and trenching that was done in 1956. Other associations with this showing also includes feldspar crystals with graphic intergrowths of quartz across 1 foot. Quartz that are found in the south showing are rather gray to black in color, and magnetite is also present. Some more minerals classified as accessory are known to include zircon, allanite, and uranothorite, with the latter in minute grains. A considerable amount of yellow uranium staining is also known for coating fractures inn a number of pits, and trenches. When using a Geiger counter its also known to give off eratic readings within the outcrops, and pits. At a distance away from fhe pits the granite pegmatite had also gave readings of 3x-8x, and might have average 6x. Most reading encountered in the pit are considered to give off less than 25x, with spot high reading of 25x-60x. For the most part, the country rock is rather classified as a paragneiss that is granitized or in other words injected by lit par lit. Very little of the paragneiss is also exposed in the workings except as inclusions. The regional strike and dip of this paragneiss was rather not known within the area of the underground workings. Drilling that was undertaken on the paragneiss granite contact in the area of the underground workings is at a depth of 80 to 250 feet below the shaft collar. Further drilling to the southeast of the main underground workings had also reach the paragneiss at 325 feet. With the contact striking north, this also indicates that the lower contact of the granite body is gently rolling, with an average dip of about 025 degrees E.
Eldorado Talc Mine - Private Property- To be continued.
Introductory to Regional Mining in the Eldorado Area of Southeastern, Ontario, Canada.
Eldorado, Ontario, Canada was rather an area being widely prospect for several different resources that became discovered here. The first of these operations was when the Richardson Gold Mine became Ontarios first gold discovery, which was controlled under the Great British Empire. Massive ownership court battle was underway in who had owned the Richardson Ridge area. It was rather within the first 9 months that the ownership battle of the Richardson Mine was resolved, in which all the land was separated to different companies, and Richardson would get the rights back after mining it. Lyman Moon was rather apart of this land ownership battle, in which resulted in overhearing of gold being discovered in the area by Richardson, Marcus Powell, and other assistance. Much of this resulted in a separation between two companies, and two prospectors. These companies and prospectors were known as Hector Lombart, and Hardin, and the Richardson Gold Mining Company, and the Glass and Co. Lombart, and Hardin had rather gotten 90% off all the land within this court battle of property ownership of the Richardson Ridge by 1867.
This was followed by Carr and Johnson who started up mining operations across from Mr. Richardson House. Most of this was rather apart of the Eldorado Gold Mining Company, only they weren't after gold as copper smelting took place in 1980s. Some rock was additionally taken from where the Pheonix Gold Mining Company had operated in 1880 to 1882, and produce 116 ounces of gold (Au). It was later followed by Iron Mining when the Anglo Saxon Iron Mining Company, along with Coe Moore, and later Coe Iron Mining Company. After taking out a total of 10,000 tonnes it was reported that sulphides were encountered at a depth of 20 feet roughly. Much of this had formed what would become the Eldorado Copper Mining Company in 1901. Copper was rather being mined till 1906, and the first ever smelter was constructed in Southeastern, Ontario, Canada. By 1906, the Medina Gold Mining Company took over operations, and had operated till 1907.
Eldorado Talc Mine
Later Eldorado, Ontario, Canada was home to Talc Mining operations after major discoveries were made at the Henderson Mine in Huntington Township. By 1911, the Canada Talc, and Silicate Company was formed to open up a talc mining operation 2 miles north of Eldorado. Development work on the historical Eldorado Talc Mine was first achieved when a shaft was sunk to a depth of 75 feet, and drifts had ran 100 feet east on this deposit zone. Following this development a mill with a capacity of five tonnes of ore per day was constructed on site. Most of this had also included a power plant that consisted of a 70 horsepower boiler, engine for driving mill machinery, and hoisting system. At the time it was reported that C. J Jones was the president of the company, and R.M Phillips was superintendent.
Within 1912, the Eldorado Talc Mine, and Mill was in steady operation, along with extensive development being done. Major changes at the time were aimed at sinking the No. 2 Shaft to a depth of 130 feet by the end of that year. This was also followed by the continuation of sinking the No. 1 Shaft to a depth of 90 feet below the surface. At this point in time, the 90 foot level was rather being opened up when 200 feet of drifting was done northeast to connect with the No. 2 Shaft. Stoping was also started on this level when a stope was developed to be 20 feet wide, and 20 feet in height. Much of the mill was also equipped with a pulverizer for grinding the talc, and bolting machines for grading it.
Stoping operations were rather continued onward within the first level at 75 feet, in which the No. 1 Shaft was 90 feet deep in 1913. It was also at this point in time when the No. 1 Shaft was connected with the No. 2 Shaft by 200 feet of drifting on the 90-foot level. Much of the whole entire mill was rather in full operation and completed with the mandatory pulverizer, and bolting machines.
It was by 1914, when the company became change from the former Canadian Talc, and Silica Company, to Eldorite, Limited. Much of the mining project was rather found near the present Eldorado Station, on the Central Ontario Railway. Most of this re-organization was made in March, 1914, and extensive improvements were being done to the grinding grinding plant.
Not a lot had rather happened in 1915, as the improvements were being done to the grinding plant at the time, and expectations were being made to have this mine in production by 1916.
By 1916, much of the work was once again resumed on the Eldorado Talc Mine Project by the newly formed Eldorite, Limited. Additionally, the company had place major changes when the No. 3 shaft was sunk to a depth of 65 feet below the surface. Prior to this, it was also followed by the sinking of the No. 4 shaft that had only reach a depth of 15 feet, Most of this development was done in regards to a new ore-body that was being opened up to the west of the No. 1 Shaft operation that showed good talc. Reports on the work upon examination had revealed that the shoot was 25 feet wide, and the working face was 35 feet to the back of the stope. Shipments from the mine were rather made until October, when the mine was officially closed down for the season after that.
The ore-body at the Eldorado Talc Mine is rather an altered siliceous magnesian limestone, showing width on the surface for over 200 feet.Most of the development within 1917, was mainly done on two shaft operations, the No. 1 being 153 feet deep, and the No. 2 being 155 feet deep. Levels are also known to connect the two shafts together at depths of 75 feet, and 135 feet below the surface. A crosscut was rather driven across the ore-body on the second level, which shows a width of 90 feet, with ore in both headings. Ore at the time was rather being hoisted from both shaft operation by the use of steam hoists, and a small Ingersoll Rand, that was steam driven had supplied air for the three drills. It was also at this point in time when the boiler plant had included one 60 horsepower and one 100 horsepower, return tubular boiler. Most of the rock at the time was hoist from the mine by a skip at the No. 1 Shaft, and a cage at the No. 2, and was dumped into ore bins. From here the ore is rather passed over a grizzly to a Champion Jaw Crusher. Much of the ore then passes over a steam dryer, and a pair of Sturtevant rolls to the tube mill bins. At this point, the ore is rather ground in two 5 foot by 22 inch tube mills, and passes directly from the tube to an air separator and down this to a series of dust chambers. After the process ore had went into pointed bins, from which the product was directly drawn into bags. From all processing there was four different grades that were turned out from the 100 tonne per day milling facility. Much of the products were commonly sold to the Canadian Trades, but a greater amount of the output was shipped to United States. Work at the time was rather temporarily suspended and wouldn't resume until 1919.
Some more changes would be made in 1919, when Eldorite, Limited became succeeded by the Eldorado Mining, and Milling Company, Limited. No work was done at the time. .
Bailey Fluospar Mine
It was during the early, 1890's when Fluospar was first discovered in the Madoc Area, in which wasn't place under development till 1905. Within 1905, the Fluospar was first worked by Stephen Wellington of Madoc, Ontario, Canada at the time. Most of this discovery was rather made within Lot 1 of the fourth concession, in Madoc Township at the time. Prior to developing this mine, Stephen Wellington had first sent a cart load of high-grade Fluospar from the Bailey Prospect. Much of this was considered a pure fluospar that occurred as a vein from one to two feet wide, and was disseminated in calcite, and barite for another two feet. Upon examinations the strike of the vein was known for traveling east, and west, and was traced by shallow test pits for 40 feet. This resulted in sinking one of the test pits to a depth of 20 feet (6.9m) on the vein.
The second wave of Fluospar Mining had rather taken place in 1916, in which the Bailey Property was operated by the Hungerford Syndicate. Within 1916, the property was rather extensively developed when a plant was installed, that consisted of a locomotive 50 horsepower boiler, one small two drill compressor, and a single drum Mac Machine Hoist. Reports of the vein had rather stated that it had outcrop at a few feet from the farm owners residence. Development was undertaken by the company when a shaft was rather sunk on the vein to a depth of 25 feet (7.62m). Most of the ore that was taken out had amounted to 40 tonnes of crystallined fluospar that was stockpiled.
Mining operations at the Baily Mine were continued onward when the main shaft was deepened to 40 feet below the surface. Drifting that was done on the 40 foot level had rather amounted to 35 feet in total lateral development for 1917. The Hungerford Synicate was rather owned and operated by Harry Hungerford, and Robert Gilchrist Information on the vein matter was reported to have been extremely crystallized with some first grade spar that was taken from the shaft area. By 1918, the Baily Fluospar Mine was rather left idle at the time, as operations were suspended by the syndicate.
Within 1944, the Millwood Fluospar Mines, Limited, was rather incorporated on August, 1943, under the laws of Canada with a capitalization of $100,000 shares. Within this time period, the company had rather owned, and operated two fluospar properties known as the Baily, and Kent Mines. Mining operations were rather resumed on the Bailey Property, when a trench had exposed a fluospar vein for a width of 15 feet. This resulted in open cut methods when it was developed for a length of 88 feet, and was about 40 feet deep by November, 1944. Other construction had also followed suit when ore bins, conveyor, and a sorting bin, and a power house were built. Production at the time had rather amounted to 1,800 tonnes of fluospar at the time.
Further development on the Bailey Property was rather resumed on March, 7, 1945, in which was operated by the Millwood Fluorite Mines, Limited. Development at the time had rather engaged in sinking a three compartment, vertical shaft to a depth of 100 feet. A level at the time was also establish at the bottom, and became opened up by 337 feet of drifting, 98 feet of crosscutting, and 80 feet of raising. Even more construction was followed when dry house, ad timber headframe were built, and the ore bin, along withe sorting plant were covered. Installation which were done had consisted of a 40 inch, single drum, Allis Chalmers electrical hoist, and a 75 horsepower motor. Production above the 100 foot level had rather mined 4,800 tonnes of ore by open stope methods, in which 3,555 tonnes were sold after sorting.
By, 1946, Diamond drilling operation were rather carried out on the Bailey Property, in which consisted of 9 holes, totalling 1,200 feet from underground. Development work was rather continued in the spring, and 116 feet of drifting, and 37 feet of crosscutting was done on the 100-foot level. The total lateral development footage on this level had amounted to 453 feet of drifting, 135 feet of crosscutting, and 80 feet of raising. Some stoping was also carried out above the 100 foot level, and by September, 1946, the mine was allowed to flooded. Operations at the Bailey Property were continued by mining the fluospar from a surface pillow Production from milling had rather resulted in a total of 5,500 tonnes of fluospar that was mined from the Baily Mine.
Shaft sinking had rather continued in 1947, when it was deepened to 279 feet, in which a level was establish. The 279 foot level was then opened up by 65 feet of crosscutting, and 253 feet of drifting on it. Fluospar at the time was rather being produce on the 279-foot level, and above the 100-foot level of the Bailey Property. Production from the mine had rather resulted in a total of 3,500 tonnes of fluospar was reported to have been hoisted, and 2,500 tonnes were recovered after sorting.
Mining operations at the Bailey Property were rather done on season basis as the mine re-opened on April, 1, 1948. Much of the ore that was recovered from the mine had mainly came from stoping areas between the first, and second level of the mine. Diamond drilling was also carried out that consisted of 5 holes, totalling 1,364 feet in length. Total production during 1948, resulted in hoisting 5,300 tonnes of fluospar ore, that was sent for sorting.
It was during 1949, when mining operations were re-opened at the Bailey Fluospar Property. Lateral development that was done consisted of 202 feet of drifting on the 180-foot level. This was also followed by diamond drilling program that consisted 9 holes, totalling 1,108 feet in length from underground. Ore within that time period was rather mined above the south end of the 180-foot level, and 3,340 tonnes of fluospar was hoisted.
Fluoride is rather known as a calcium rich fluoride, in which can be many colors, but its commonly known to be Yellow, Violet or Green. It can also be colorless, and transparent when free trace elements may replace the calcium by 20% Yttrium, or cerium, which may replace the calcium in the composition of fluoride. Fluoride is rather known as vein mineral that may often be associated with silver, and lead ores. Other places where it may occur includes pegmatite cavities, sedimentary rocks, and hot springs.
Dingman Gold Project - Owned by California Mining Company, Inc.Extensions to the granitic belts in Madoc Township, and Marmora Township. This includes the polymetalic depoists of the Richardson Mine, which is 6.0 km away from the Dingman Deposit Zone.
Dingman Gold Project - Owned by California Mining Company, Inc.Extensions to the granitic belts in Madoc Township, and Marmora Township. This includes the polymetalic depoists of the Richardson Mine, which is 6.0 km away from the Dingman Deposit Zone.
Much of the Dingman Gold Prospect dates back to the 1800's when shallow test pits were sunk by one of the many mining companies in Deloro, Ontario. Canada. Most of this included sinking shallow test pits within the granite that carried quartz as the main principal of gold mineralization on the property.
The property was first discovered by M. Dingman in 1985, who had discovered a low grade gold mineralization granite body that forms a ridge about 800m, and 100 m wide. This discovery was made within the Township of Macdoc, in concession 1, lot 19, and Marmora Concession XI, Lot 19. For the most part, the Ridge is dissected by Hasting County 11, also known as Deloro Road, which was 11 km north of Highway 7. The properties were later acquired by Noranda Incorporated who had under went further explorations for gold deposits in Marmora Township.
By this time it was reported that Noranda Exploration Company, Ltd, who was a Subsidiary of Noranda Incorporated had under went an extensive exploration under option agreements. Most of this had taken place in 1986, in which included Geological, geophysical, and soil geochemical surveys, along with diamond drilling-Saw Sampling. Within 1987 to 1988, Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, had drilled 38 holes, totalling 5,027 m, and had calculated probable, and possible ore reserves of 8.5 million tonnes, grading 0.043 ounces of gold per ton. The company within that time period had rather purchase the mining rights from M. Dingman, and conducted Bulk Sampling, and Metallurgical Testing.
Reports on the Geology by Nornada had concluded that the Dingman Prospect is hosted by an elongate, northeasterly trending granite stock about 800 m long, and 80 to 150 m wide. The property was also intruded by carbonate metasediments, and the stock had formed a present outcrop ridge above the surrounding pasture, and was well exposed in a road cut on County Road 11. Much of the metasediments were described as fine grained, grey, foliated calcite marble locally intercalated with calcarous schist. There's also a small band of Wollastonite bearing calcite marble/calcsilicate rock exposed in a road cut at the northern contact between the granite, and marble. Indications on the Dingman Project indicated that the Dingman Granite Stock lies about 800 m north of the Deloro Granitic Pluton. which is one of the series of similar stocks that had rim the pluton to the north, and east.
Another property acquisition was made in 1997, when Deloro Mineral Ltd, had purchase the property from Battle Mountain Gold Corp, who was a Subsidiary of Noranda. Surface diamond drilling had amounted to 14, holes totalling, 2,053 meters, which indicated resources of 12.6 million, averaging 0.7 g/t gold Au. Most of this drilling program was done under contract agreements with Barnes Engineering Services Inc. The Dingman Property was rather allowed to lapse, and on November 2004, the property was staked by E. Neczkar, and D. Baird, Who optioned to Opawica Explorations Inc, on September, 2006.
In 2007, drilling was undertaken by Opawica Explorations Inc. in which the company drilled 19 surface holes, totalling 4634 m.
In 2007, the drilling program conducted by Opawica Explorations Inc was aimed at confirming delineate drilling of the historical diamond drill holes on the Dingman Property. Most of this drilling program was aimed at testing the deposit to greater depths, and to define a Ni-43-101 compliant resource estimate. It was by November, and December, 2008, when the company drilled 19 holes, totalling 4634 feet in length. Prior to February, 1, 2008, assay results from the first 10 holes were released. This drilling program resulted in the following results
___Drill Hole No______________Gold g/t_______width (M)_________including g/t au/m______________________
DI-07-009 - 0.81 92.0 1.39/32 0/ 10.42/1.0
DI-07-011 - 1.08 29.1 1.96/8.0/ 3.2/2.0
DI-07-012 - 1.04 35.0 1.68/18.0 4.39/2.0
Di-07-013 - 0.63 106.0 0.85/64.0 18.31/1.0
Di-07-014 0.69 101.0 1.10/49,0 3.16/6.0
Di-07-015 0.70 98.0 1.04/53.0 4.01/3.0
Di-07-016 0.77 97.12 1.13/17.0 1.19/11.0
Di-07-017 0.29 72.5 0.58/10.0
Di-07-018 0.60 61.5 0.89/16.0 5.55/9.0
Di-08-019 0.59 109.0 0.97/44.0 2.07/9.0
The 2007 Drilling program had rather confirmed the previous estimates of average grade, and width of the mineralized zone, that was about 375 m long, 80 m wide to a depth of 275 m, with strongly sheared, and altered granitic intrusions. It was also reported to have been opened on strike to east, and depth, and includes higher grade zones such as that intersected in Drill Hole DI-07-019 at 280 m. The most easterly hole drilled by the company was Di -07-012, which intersected 35m averaging 1.04 g/t Au within 70 m of surface. Indications on the Ni 43-101 compliant resource calculation on the Dingman Property are indicated at 8,801,000 tonnes at 0.97 g/t Au (275,000 ounces of Au). Inferred resources were at 5,673,000 tonnes at 0.76 g/t Au (138,000 ounces of gold). A contract was also made with Geco Systems who had underwent metallurgical test work on the Dingman Ore. Opawica had also investigated the possibility of producing aggregate from marble, and granitic waste rock that would be generated by the proposed open pit model.
The preliminary processing test which were completed in 2009, had resulted in a combined flotation and gravity stage of gold concentrate that can produce at 97.7% recovery. The company at the time had also estimated that 14 million tonnes of granite, and limestone aggregate can be developed from the proposed open pit operation. This also included a total reserve calculation of 8,801,000 tonnes at 0.97 g/t Au (275,000 ounces of gold) and inferred Resources at 5,673,000 tonnes, grading 0.76 g/t Au. Additional drilling was also done in 2009, that resulted in 16 holes, totalling 3,926 m in length. Several of the deeper holes had rather confirmed that the gold zones widens, and remains opened at depth, and that the mineralization remains consistent at about 1.0 g/t Au. Hole Di-09-01, drilled to a vertical depth of about 575 m, had intersected 131 m of mineralized, altered granite containing a 95m core length averaging 1.0 g/t Au. Hole Di-09-05 intersected 133 m averaging 1.0 g/t Au. Indicated resources had rather remained unchanged, and the inferred resources were calculated at 11,301,000 tonnes at 0.98 g/t Au. It was also during 2009, when the mineral rights to the Dingman were acquired from Opawica Explorations by Upper Canada Gold Corporation for a sum of $47,000 and 37% of the shares of Upper Canada Gold Corporation. Other plans by Upper Canada Gold were aimed at conducting a 6,500 m diamond drilling program in 2010 to test the Dingman Gold Zone at depth, and add to the already calculated gold ore reserves.
Indicated resources had rather increased by 31% as a result of the 2010 Upper Canada Drilling from the 8.8 million tonnes at 0.97 g/t Au (275,000 ounces of gold) reported by Opawica Explorations in 2009. Some of the previous inferred resources had also been converted to indicated resource by the Upper Canada Drilling, and remainer outside of the preliminary open pit area. This resulted in an indicated resource from 8 million tonnes to 14 million tonnes at an average grade of 0.8 g/t Au with potential for 200,000 to 400,000 contained ounces of gold.
It was also at the road cut when the granite had rather exhibited a stong shearing throughout its entire width, with foliation striking 060 degrees, and dipping northward at 070 to 080 degrees. Much of the granite in the area is describe as being medium to course grained, with 20 to 60% quartz, 40 to 75% feldspar, and accessory chlorite and, pyrite. There is also a wide spread of pink to brick red hematite staining, and locally strong altercation of feldspar to buff to pale green muscovite/sericite. At the time, it was determined that the foliation was defined by stretched and sercitized feldspar grains and by local mylonitic textures refferred to in the diamond drill logs
Drill logs indicated the property to be moderate to strong altercation, with a banded texture due to extreme stretching, and moderate sericite altercation of feldspar bands, which are tuff to green, and locally red Hematitic. this also presented strong altercations of feldspar, which were totally altered to pale green muscovite/sericite, with a strong foliation. Much of the rock in the area had appeared as quartz porphyry with coarse, round blue-grey quartz grains in a green mica schist. It had also locally occurred with strong hematite staining, and trace to 3% disseminated pyrite.
Narrow, discontinous quartz veins can also be seen within the road cuts, and are described in diamond drilling logs as pale grey to grey-blue stringers. These quartz stringers generally had been 1 to 3 cm wide, and were loccally containing calcite, purple fluorite, and pyritic, and or hematitic vugs. The granite marble contact was very well mapped by MacKinnon, who indicated a series of north-northeasterly trending faults which are evident as shallow topographic depressions within the granite outcrop area, and had offset the contact to a small extent. Further zones of intense altercation had appeared to be associated with these structures,which may have been the north extension of similarm, locally auriferous shear zone (Richardson Mine, along the western margin of the Deloro Pluton.
Diamond drill logs rather indicate that sulphide mineralization is common throughout the granite, commonly as pyrite in amounts of 1 to3%. It had also locally reached anywhere between 15 to 25% combined chalcopyrite, and pyrite over core lengths of up to 10 feet. Pyrrhotite, and magnetite are also present in minor amounts. Drilling indicated one 1.5 foot band of massive sulphide, which was 80 to 85% pyrite, and 5 to 7% chalcopyrite, which was also visible in the road cut, and was intersected by drill hole DI 87-2. This also presents narrow quartz, and quartz carbonate-fluorite stringers commonly containing trace amounts of chalcopyrite,pyrite, pyrrhotite, magnetite, and galena. A few fine grains of native gold were also observed in narrow qaurtz stringers within strongly altered granite in 1986. This sectiosn that were studied by Noranda had also indicated the presence of microscophic native gold particles within both quartz veins, and altered granite.
The Dingman Prospect reported by Noranda is known to consist of wide spread low grade mineralization in stongly sheare and altered granite. The project it self is simlar to the Deloro Pluton south in which has associations of quartz veining and sericite altercation with north-northeasterly trending shear or fault zone (Moira River Fault). It also appears that the Dingman Project has the absence of arsenopyrite, and host rock, and the much more pervasive nature of sericite altercation.
In studies concluded by OntarioExplorations101, zoning within deposits of various Archean Gold Camps, had recognized a sequence of temperature/ pressure related to mineral associations. Parts of the sequences included changes from gold-arsenopyrite mineralization to a gold pyrite-pyrrhotite association with cooler temperatures directly above the gold arsenopyrite zone. This may be a results of gold bearing hydrothermal solutions associated with 020 degrees Moira River Fault Zone. Several faults are known for also intersecting the Dingman Granite which had been intensely micro fractured and sheared along a 060 degree trend, allowing more extensive permeation of the mineralization fluid than occurred within more massive host rocks of the Deloro Pluton Margin.
The area is known for two principal rock types known as the Dingman Granite and Marbles of the Dungannon Formation, which is surrounded by carbonate metasedimentary rocks. Granite is known to form an outcrop ridge about 800 m long, and 80 m to 150 m wide, trending east-northeast, and dipping about 60 degrees north, in conformable banding of marble. Marbles to the south of the granite vary from banded red-grey, hematitic marble to grey-blue, which is more magnetite rich when approaching the Deloro Granite Contact. It was rather in the early 1900's when Magnetite Skarn was mined in the early 1900's at the Dufferin Iron Mine, in concession 1, Lot 18 of Madoc Township. Its rather to the north where the marble contained grey calc-silicate bands, including wollastonite zone close to the granite contact.
Granite in the area is rather foliated and altered throughout its length, but mostly strongly in the western part within Marmora Township. Its rather known to occur in weakly altered areas, where the granite is medium to coarse grained, containing 25 to 60% quartz, 40 to 75% white to pink feldspar, and accessory chlorite, pyrite, that's commonly with a promo-mylonitic texture, in which the feldspar grains appear broken, and crushed. The most altered granite in the area is known to consist of coarse, round, blue-grey quartz grains within pale green mica schist. These zones appear to also be in a series of crosscutting, 020 degrees fault/shear zones, and generally, but not extensively host the highest concentration of quartz veining gold mineralization. There is also a bright green variety of mica association with the shear zones that was identified as a vanadium bearing muscovite.
There are additionally five zones of granite, in which present a number of different concentration assay in the Madoc, and Marmora Area:
Some of the highest grade mineralizations are generally associated with the G5 granite, in which has produce significant gold values from alteration subdivisions.As a result, every part of the Granite must be assayed, and correlations between drill holes cannot properly be done on a geological basis. Gold within this zone primarily occurs as free milling, which is very fine native grains, most abundant between quartz grains within both quartz veins, and altered granite. This type of wide spread, low grade disseminated gold mineralization contrasts with the arsenopyrite bearing quartz-carbonated fissure veins deposits typical of the western margin of the Deloro Granite, despite the similarities in host rock, and altercation. Fissure type quartz veins are very rare in the Dingman Granite, most of them being short, ptygmatic feldspar stringers with little continuity and diffuse margins, which appear to be quartz segregation derived from the granite, possibly the result of altercation of feldspar to sericite. The Dingman veins are rather reported to also maybe contain calcite, ankerite, purple fluoride, pyrite, hematite, and galena, that's less commonly chalcopyrite and sphalerite. However, many veins contain significant base metal enrichments that show minor gold content.
Much of the widespread low-grade nature of the gold mineralization maybe a result of the intensity of brittle deformation that developed within this small granite intrusion surrounded by ductile marble, during at least two period of deformation. This rather had suggested that the Dingman Prospect represents a gold bearing endoskarn, with weak exoskarn development in the foot-wall (pyroxene, garnet, sulphides) and hanging wall of wollastonite. Indications from reports indicated that the Dingman Prospect may have the potential for a low grade open pit deposit, and heap leaching.
Much of the Deloro Granite, in Madoc, and Marmora Township is rather associated with a range of mineralization types and minor element enrichment that, when viewed as a whole, has characteristics similar to those of iron oxide-copper-gold deposits. Much of the category is known to encompass a diversity of mineral associations ranging from monmetallic iron oxide Skarns (Dingman Deposit to polymetalic deposits (Richardson Deposit) that may be enriched in Cu, Au, Ag, U, REE, Bi, Co, Nb, F and P. (Richardson Mine). Each of these hydrothermal Systems are known to share a number of distinguished features including volummous, low-Ti magnetite or hematite, association with large-scale, anorogenic, granitic magnetism with intermediate to mafic phases, or a distinctive suite of minor elements prominent structural control, that is vein and breccia networks in a brittle ductile contrast regime, and extensive sodium rich altercations and more locallzed potassic -sercite altercation in the vicinity of mineralization
Cameron Feldspar Mine
1941 - Property first staked by W.B and D.A. Cameron
Another Feldspar discovery was made in 1941, by W.B. and D.A. Cameron who operated a feldspar deposit on the south half of lot 22, with concession VIII of Murchison Township, Nipissing District. Mining was rather carried on for a short time period as this project was being prepared for mining from June, 2nd to November, 28, 1941. It was also stated that this feldspar prospect was situated not to far from the small settlement of Madawaska, Ontario, Canada. Construction during that time period was mainly confined to building a frame-house that was 18 by 20 feet.
1942 - Property owned by W.B Cameron
It was in 1942, when W.B. Cameron had resumed mining operations at the Cameron Feldspar Project. Feldspar from the mine was reported to have been taken from a trench which was 60 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 18 feet deep. Mining at this property was also done on a seasonal basis from May, 13th to September, 28th, 1942.
1943 - Keystone Contractors, Ltd. acquires property from W.B. Cameron
The Cameron Feldspar Property was later acquired by another company known as the Keystone Contractors, Ltd. in 1943. Mining operations at this historical feldspar property were rather reported to have been continuous within that time of acquiring this property. Much of the Feldspar that came from this mine was taken from an open-cut, which was 100 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 25 feet deep. Production during that time of operating this property had amounted to 1,668 tonnes of feldspar that was shipped from this site.
1944 - Keystone Contractors, Ltd. contracts mining operations to Garry Colautti
A contract was granted to Garry Colautti of Barry's Bay who acted on behalf of the Keystone Contractors, Ltd. of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Mining during that time period had commenced from January, 1 to May, 15, 1944. Most of the feldspar within this time period of operating was taken from the open-cut, which produce 971 tonnes of Feldspar that was shipped.
1945 - Property acquired by Canspar Mines, Ltd. from Keystone Contractors, Ltd.
By 1945, the Cameron Feldspar Property was once again sold of, and acquired by Canspar Mines, Ltd. on May, 15, 1945. The Canspar Mines, Ltd. was rather stated to have been officially incorporated on June, 1944, with a capitalization of $100,000 shares at $1 par value. Mining operations by Canspar Mines, Ltd had continued from May, 15th to December, 1, 1945. Most of this development work was mainly being aimed at lengthening, and deepening the open-cut. As development continued it was now reported that the open-cut was 200 feet long, 10 to 25 feet deep, and 12 feed wide.
1950 - Staked by Bowser Bros, Ltd
As the mine laid abandoned it wouldn't be till 1950, when the property had resumed mining operations by Bowser Bros, Ltd. Mining operation at the historical Cameron Feldspar Mine had became officially place back into operation by September, 1950. Production from the open-pit had rather amounted to 271 tonnes of Feldspar, which was mined, and shipped. By this time it was also stated that the open pit had measured 300 feet long, by 30 feet deep, and 12 to 20 feet wide. From all production it was also stated that this Feldspar Mine had produce 6,027 tonnes of Feldspar.